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Delovna terapija v paliativni oskrbi : diplomsko delo
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Izvleček
Uvod: Glavni cilj paliativne oskrbe je, da neozdravljivo bolnemu človeku odvzema bolečine in trpljenje ter da mu omogoči kakovostno življenje do smrti. Pomaga tudi svojcem pri spopadanju z dejstvom, da ima njihov svojec neozdravljivo bolezen, in tudi v procesu žalovanja. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je ugotoviti, kakšni so izsledki raziskav glede vloge delovne terapije v paliativni oskrbi. Metode dela: Izvedena je bila deskriptivna študija, in sicer pregled znanstvenih virov. Vključitveni kriteriji: vsebinska ustreznost, vrsta in starost članka, napisani v slovenščini ali angleščini in dostopni v polnem besedilu. V končno analizo in sintezo je bilo vključenih 14 člankov. Rezultati: V diplomsko delo smo vključili študije, ki zadostujejo merilom in se navezujejo na delovno terapijo in paliativno oskrbo. Delovni terapevti bolnikom in svojcem skozi ves proces umiranja stojijo ob strani ter preko okupacij in različnih intervencij izboljšujejo kakovost življenja. Pogosto so delovni terapevti prepozno vključeni v obravnavo in po krivem označeni kot terapevti, ki bolnike oskrbujejo le s pripomočki. Delovni terapevti so del interdisciplinarnega tima, kjer si člani tima med seboj pomagajo, iščejo rešitve za bolnike in svojce ter stremijo k skupnemu cilju. Razprava in zaključek: Izsledki študij potrjujejo, da je delovna terapija pomemben člen v paliativni oskrbi, saj z vključevanjem bolnika v zanj pomembne okupacije in s pristopom, ki je usmerjen na bolnika, izboljšujejo kakovost življenja bolnikov z neozdravljivo boleznijo. Pomembno je promoviranje delovno-terapevtskih storitev v paliativni oskrbi, tako med laiki kot tudi med drugimi zdravstvenimi delavci. Interdisciplinarni tim ponuja bolniku številne koristi, zato bi bilo dobro, da tudi v Sloveniji delovni terapevti postanejo del tima paliativne oskrbe.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:delovna terapija, paliativna oskrba, vloga delovne terapije, kakovost življenja
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Organizacija:ZF - Zdravstvena fakulteta
Leto izida:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:5673067 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:245
Število prenosov:151
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Occupational therapy in palliative care : diploma work
Izvleček:
Introduction: The main goal of palliative care is to take away the pain and suffering of patients with incurable diseases and improve their quality of life. It also offers support to the family members that have to deal with the fact that their relative is suffering from an incurable disease; moreover, it also provides help in the grieving process. Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to identify what study findings determined regarding the role of occupational therapy in palliative care. Methods of work: A descriptive study was carried out - a review of scientific sources. Inclusion criteria: content suitability, type and age of the articles, written in Slovene or English languages and available in full. There were fourteen articles included in the final analysis and synthesis. Results: The paper includes studies that meet the criteria and are related to occupational therapy and palliative care. Occupational therapists, throuh their occupations and various interventions, improve the lives of patients and their loved ones and help them through the process of dying. Occupational therapists are often included in the treatment process too late and wrongly labeled as therapists, who just prescribe gadgets. Occupatonal therapists are part of an interdisciplinary team where team members are helping one another, seek solutions for patients and their loved ones and strive for common goal. Discussion and conclusion: The findings of the studies show that occupational therapy is an important part of palliative care since by involving the patients in activities they enjoy and with client-centred approaches, their quality of life improves. It is important to promote occupational therapy services in palliative care among laymen as well as other healthcare workers. An interdisciplinary team can offer the patients many advantages, which is why it would be advisable for occupational therapists in Slovenia to become a part of the team involved in palliative care.

Ključne besede:occupational therapy, palliative care, role of occupational therapy, quality of life

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