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Zavarovanje transporta v zakonodaji Republike Slovenije
Novljan, Gregor (Avtor), Dugar, Gregor (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
Transportno ali prevozno pravo (transportation law) je gospodarskopravna podpanoga, ki zajema pogodbena razmerja v zvezi s prevozom tovora, oseb in njihove prtljage ter posle, ki so povezani s prevozom. Pojem prevoznega prava in s tem prevozne pogodbe je ožji od špedicije, saj predstavlja le eno izmed potrebnih dejanj, ki jih špedicija zajema. Po drugi strani pa je špedicija pojmovno sestavni del logistike. Multimodalni prevoz je prevoz, pri katerem sodelujeta najmanj dve raznovrstni prevozni sredstvi, za katerega velja enotni režim odgovornosti organizatorja prevoza blaga na temelju ene pogodbe, in je v tem pogledu podobna špedicijski pogodbi. Prevozno sredstvo je naprava, namenjena prevozu ljudi in tovora. S transportnim zavarovanjem se zavarujejo interesi, ki utegnejo biti ogroženi zaradi rizikov med prevozom blaga. Vrednost blaga in prevoznih sredstev je pogosto zelo visoka, zato je vloga zavarovalnice še posebej izrazita. Daljši kot je čas med sklenitvijo in izpolnitvijo pogodbe, večja je možnost zunanjih vplivov na blago. Splošno pravilo predvideva prehod nevarnosti za naključno uničenje, izgubo ali poškodovanje z obligacijskopravno izročitvijo, vendar je dispozitivne narave. Bistveni sestavini, brez katerih prevozna pogodba ne more obstajati, sta prevoz določene vrste in količine tovora po določeni prevozni poti in plačilo voznine. Okrog njiju se gradijo še ostala pogodbena razmerja, namen katerih je celostno zagotoviti premik blaga. Vsak tip pogodbe, na podlagi katere se zagotovi premik blaga, predvideva poseben režim odgovornosti.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:transport, prometno pravo, prevozno sredstvo, transportno kargo zavarovanje, riziko, prehod nevarnosti, klavzule Incoterms, pogodba o prevozu blaga, špedicijska pogodba, logistična pogodba, odškodninska odgovornost
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Organizacija:PF - Pravna fakulteta
Leto izida:2019
COBISS.SI-ID:16778321 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:630
Število prenosov:231
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Insurance of the transport in the legislation of the Republic of Slovenia
Izvleček:
Transportation law is a commercial law subbranch covering contractual relations concerning the carriage of cargo, persons and their luggage, and also transport related operations. The concept of transportation law and consequently the contract of carriage of goods is narrower than the concept of freight forwarding, as it represents only one of the necessary actions that the freight forwarding covers. On the other hand, freight forwarding is a conceptual component of logistics. Multimodal transport is a transport operation involving at least two different means of transport, which is subjected to a single liability regime for the organizer of the transport of goods on the basis of one contract and is, in that respect, similar to freight forwarding contract. A mean of transport is a device designed to carry people and cargo. Transport insurance protects interests that may be endangered by the risks regarding the transportation of goods. The value of goods and means of transport is often very high, therefore the role of the insurance companies is particularly pronounced. The longer the time window between the conclusion and the completion of the contract, the greater the possibility of occurrence of the external effects on the goods. The general rule provides for the transfer of danger with the obligation to deliver, but it is dispositive. The essential components, without which the contract of carriage cannot exist, are the transport of a certain type and quantity of cargo over a specified route and the payment of fare. Other contractual relationships are built around them, the purpose of which is to ensure the movement of goods. Each type of contract, on the basis of which the movement of goods is provided, provides for a specific liability regime.

Ključne besede:transport, traffic law, means of transport, transport cargo insurance, risk, risk transfer, Incoterms clauses, contract of carriage of goods, freight forwarding contract, logistic contract, liability for damages

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