Global warming and climate change are facts which cannot be ignored and that open up a wide array of economic and political issues and concern the civil society, the global economy, technology and the environment. Greenhouse gas emissions have reached highest values in recent years, while the global average temperature in 2017 approached 1.1 Degrees Celsius higher temperature than in the pre-industrial age. The main cause of greenhouse gas emissions is energy generation from fossil fuels, the corner stone of the long-standing economic development. Climate change is tangible in the Arctic meltdown, rising sea levels, extreme weather events, earth erosion, polluted atmosphere, loss of plant and animal species, as well as loss of ecosystems. In essence, the acceptance and implementation of the commitments of the Global Climate Agreement is of crucial importance for the survival of civilization. In the fight against climate change, it is essential to coordinate the work of all stakeholders, of which the European Union is particularly well aware. The European Union has taken the lead in the fight against climate change and the implementation of the Paris Climate Agreement, the main aim of which is to limit global warming significantly below 2 degrees Celsius according to the pre-industrial level. The European Union is proof that measures against climate change are effective, as emissions of greenhouse gases had decreased by 23% between 1990 and 2014, while on the other hand, gross domestic product had increased by 46%. In the context of climate policy, the European Union has established three sets of objectives: objectives by 2020, objectives by 2030, and long-term objectives by 2050 by transitioning to a low-carbon society, despite the intention of the USA to withdraw from the global climate agreement.