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Prostovoljsko delo dijakov z učenci z motnjami v duševnem razvoju
Plevnik, Mija (Avtor), Žgur, Erna (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

URLURL - Predstavitvena datoteka, za dostop obiščite http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/5564/ Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Izvleček
Magistrsko delo temelji na prostovoljskem delu dijakov z učenci z motnjami v duševnem razvoju. V teoretičnem delu smo opredelili pojem prostovoljsko delo in prostovoljec, predstavili oblike prostovoljstva, njegov razvoj na Slovenskem ter njegov doprinos za posameznika in družbo. Predstavili smo motivacijske motive, težave in ovire, s katerimi se lahko srečujejo prostovoljci, ter naloge organizacij, ki izvajajo prostovoljsko delo. Opisali smo področje prostovoljskega dela z osebami s posebnimi potrebami in podrobneje predstavili prostovoljsko delo dijakov z učenci z motnjami v duševnem razvoju v Centru za izobraževanje, rehabilitacijo in usposabljanje Vipava. Predstavili smo tudi osebe z motnjami v duševnem razvoju in cerebralno paralizo. V empiričnem delu smo prikazali rezultate raziskave, ki smo jo naredili med 26 učenci obeh spolov, ki so vključeni v Center za rehabilitacijo, izobraževanje in usposabljanje Vipava. 9 učencev obiskuje prilagojeni program vzgoje in izobraževanja z nižjim izobrazbenim standardom, 30 pa posebni program vzgoje in izobraževanja. Sodelovalo je tudi 46 dijakov in dijakinj iz Škofijske gimnazije Vipava in Srednje šole Veno Pilon Ajdovščina – smer Predšolska vzgoja. Dijaki so stari med 15 in 19 let in so v prostovoljsko delo vključeni različno dolgo. Izdelali smo dva anketna vprašalnika. Rezultati so bili statistično obdelani, podatke pa smo predstavili v tabelah in opisno. Ugotovili smo, da vsi anketiranci prostovoljsko delo doživljajo pozitivno in so ob tem veseli. Učence so dijaki naučili predvsem igranja družabnih in športnih iger. Prostovoljsko delo dijaki najpogosteje opravljajo zaradi želje po pomoči drugim, osebne rasti, izpolnitve potencialov in zaradi želje po novem znanju. Ugotovili smo tudi statistično pomembne razlike v motivih med dijaki ene in druge srednje šole. Zaradi prostovoljstva so dijaki postali bolj čuteči do oseb z motnjami v duševnem razvoju. Pri delu naletijo tudi na nekatere težave (najpogosteje je to navezovanje stika z učenci, primanjkovanje časa, razumevanje učenca in zavrnitev učenca), a je to v večini primerov redko. Z raziskavo smo tudi dokazali, da opravljanje prostovoljskega dela z učenci z motnjami v duševnem razvoju pozitivno vpliva na izbiro želene študijske smeri dijakov. 22,6 % dijakov, ki so povedali, da je ta izkušnja pozitivno vplivala na izbiro želene študijske smeri, se želi izobraziti za delo z osebami s posebnimi potrebami (logopedija, specialna in rehabilitacijska pedagogika), ostali pa so navajali predšolsko vzgojo, razredni pouk, psihologijo, socialno delo, fizioterapijo, delovno terapijo ali medicino. Na osnovi dobljenih rezultatov smo izdelali priporočila za delo prostovoljcev, ki izvajajo prostovoljsko delo z učenci z motnjami v duševnem razvoju, in za učence z motnjami v duševnem razvoju, ki so vključeni v prostovoljsko delo. Oblikovali smo tudi smernice za delo vzgojno-izobraževalnih ustanov za učence z motnjami v duševnem razvoju, ki izvajajo prostovoljsko delo.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:prostovoljsko delo
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:PEF - Pedagoška fakulteta
Leto izida:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:12293449 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:226
Število prenosov:67
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Voluntary students work with children with intellectual disabilities
Izvleček:
The master's thesis is based on the voluntary work of secondary school students with students with intellectual disabilities. In the theoretical part, we defined the concept of volunteer work and a volunteer. We presented forms of volunteering, its development in Slovenia and its contribution to the individual and society. We presented motives, problems, and obstacles that volunteers can face and the tasks of organizations that perform volunteer work. We described the field of volunteering with people with special needs and in greater detail, presented the volunteering of secondary school students with pupils with mental disabilities in the Center for Education, Rehabilitation and Training of Vipava. We also presented people with intellectual disabilities and cerebral palsy. In the empirical part, we presented the results of the research, which we made among 26 students of both sexes who are involved in the Center for Rehabilitation, Education and Training of Vipava. 9 pupils visit a personalized education program with a lower educational standard, and 30 pupils visit special programs for upbringing and education. There were also 46 secondary school students from Škofijska gimnazija Vipava and Secondary School Veno Pilon Ajdovščina – the course of Pre-school education. Students were between 15 and 19 years old and had been involved in volunteering for a different amount of time. We made two survey questionnaires. The results were statistically processed and the data were presented in tables and descriptively. We found that all respondents feel positive about volunteering and are happy about it. Volunteer students taught pupils how to play and participate in social and sporting games. Volunteer work is mostly performed because of the desire to help others, for personal growth, fulfillment of potentials, and the desire for some new knowledge. We also found statistically significant differences in motives among students of one and the second secondary school. Because of volunteering, students have become more sensitive to people with intellectual disabilities. During their work, students also encounter some problems (most often it is the contact with students, the lack of time, understanding the students and the students’ refusal of the volunteer), but in most cases this is rare. The research also showed that performing volunteer work with pupils with intellectual disabilities positively influences the choice of the student's desired course of study. 22.6% of the students who said that this experience had a positive influence on the choice of the desired study program, would like to be educated for working with people with special needs (speech therapy, special, and rehabilitation pedagogy), while others mentioned working in kindergarten, teaching in primary school, psychology, social work, physiotherapy, and work therapy or medicine. On the basis of the obtained results, we made recommendations for the work of volunteers who perform volunteer work with pupils with intellectual disabilities and for pupils with intellectual disabilities involved in volunteer work. We also developed guidelines for the work of educational institutions for pupils with intellectual disabilities, who perform volunteer work.

Ključne besede:volunteering

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