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Sporazumevalna zmožnost v slovenščini pri učencih, katerih prvi jezik je italijanščina
Štefanič, Nuša (Avtor), Bešter Turk, Marja (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

URLURL - Predstavitvena datoteka, za dostop obiščite http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/5548/ Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Izvleček
Na območju slovenske Istre živi tudi italijanska narodnostna skupnost. Njenim pripadnikom pripada po zakonu tudi šolanje v prvem/maternem jeziku, zato so na tem območju med drugimi tudi osnovne šole z italijanskim učnim jezikom. Pouk vseh predmetov poteka v italijanskem jeziku, 2–3 ure na teden pa se učenci učijo tudi slovenskega jezika kot drugega jezika/jezika okolja. Med opravljanjem prakse na obalnih osnovnih šolah s slovenskim učnim jezikom smo opazili, da je znanje italijanskega jezika kot jezika okolja pri učencih zelo različno, zato nas je v magistrskem delu zanimalo, kakšno je znanje slovenskega jezika pri učencih, ki obiskujejo osnovno šolo z italijanskim jezikom oz. katerih prvi/materni jezik je italijanščina. Namen magistrskega dela je bil ugotoviti, katere napake se pojavljajo pri učencih 2., 3. in 4. razreda osnovne šole z italijanskim učnim jezikom, in sicer pri pisanju in govorjenju v slovenskem jeziku kot jeziku okolja; katere težave in napake opazijo njihovi učitelji; kakšno je mnenje učencev o njihovi sporazumevalni zmožnosti v slovenskem jeziku in kakšno je mnenje o pouku slovenskega jezika pri učiteljih in učencih. Pri analizi izvedene raziskave smo uporabili predvsem kvalitativni pristop (analiza zapisanih in govorjenih besedil učencev, analiza pogovora z učenci in analiza intervjuja učiteljic) in ga na določenih točkah podkrepili s kvantitativnim pristopom (del analize zapisanih in govorjenih besedil učencev). V Teoretičnem delu smo izhajali iz pojma sporazumevalna zmožnost, opredelili prvi/materni jezik in drugi jezik oz. jezik okolja ter se v nadaljevanju osredotočili na učenje slovenskega in italijanskega jezika. Primerjali smo tudi učna načrta za slovenščino v osnovni šoli z italijanskim učnim jezikom in osnovni šoli s slovenskim učnim jezikom. V Empiričnem delu smo z izvedeno raziskavo potrdili predvidevanje, da se ne bodo pokazale očitne razlike v sporazumevalni zmožnosti v slovenskem jeziku pri mlajših in starejših učencih. Spoznali smo, da se določene napake pri pisanju in govorjenju učencev ponavljajo v vseh treh razredih, da imajo učenci o svoji sporazumevalni zmožnosti boljše mnenje, kot je njihovo dejansko znanje, da težave učencev zaznavajo tako učenci sami kot njihovi učitelji. Spoznali smo tudi, da se najpogosteje pojavljajo napake pri rabi knjižnih besed/besednih zvez. Ugotovili smo, da je večini učencev všeč pouk slovenščine, še posebej branje in dramsko nastopanje v slovenščini. Učiteljice so opisale pouk slovenskega jezika in povedale, da večina učencev obiskuje bralno značko v slovenščini, vendar se število sodelujočih z višjim razredom manjša. Rezultati magistrskega dela so uporabni za učitelje slovenščine prvega in drugega vzgojno-izobraževalnega obdobja na osnovnih šolah z italijanskim učnim jezikom, predvsem izpisane napake učencev pri pisanju in govorjenju; učitelji se lahko osredotočijo na te napake in jih skušajo odpraviti.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:sporazumevalna zmožnost v slovenskem jeziku
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:PEF - Pedagoška fakulteta
Leto izida:2018
COBISS.SI-ID: 12271433 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:102
Število prenosov:33
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Communicative competency in the Slovene language of elementary school students whose mother tongue is Italian
Izvleček:
The Italian Ethnic community lives amongst the locals in the Slovenian Istria area. According to the provisions of Slovenian education legislation their children can implement their right to education in their mother tongue/in their first language. As a result, primary schools, where these children can attend mother tongue classes, in this case Italian classes, among other schools, can also be found in this area. All school subjects are taught in Italian, and pupils have 2-3 Slovene lessons as their second language/language of the environment per week. During our teaching practice in the Slovene primary schools, located in the coastal area, we noticed that the knowledge of pupils when it comes to the Italian language varies a lot, which is why we considered writing a master’s thesis about the level of knowledge as far as Slovene as the second language is concerned amongst pupils’ attending the elementary schools where the teaching language of education is Italian since their first language is Italian. The purpose of the herewith master’s thesis was to establish which errors 2nd graders, 3rd graders and 4th graders, attending the Italian primary schools, often make while writing and speaking in their second language – Slovene; the type of errors and other related issues their teachers notice the most; how the pupils perceive their communication skills of the Slovene language, and what are the pupils and teachers’ views on the quality implementation of the Slovene lessons. After analysing the research, which was carried out, the qualitative approach (the analysis of written and spoken texts, produced by pupils, the conversation analysis with pupils and interview analysis with the teachers) was primarily used and then at certain points the latter were also strengthened with the help of the quantitative analysis (parts of the analysis of the pupils’ written and spoken texts). The Theoretical part of the thesis was based on the concept of communication skills. We then tried to first define the first language/mother tongue and then the second language or the language of the environment. Finally, we focused on Slovene and Italian learning methods. In addition, we drew a comparison between the Slovenian and Italian curriculum. In the Empirical part the findings we had previously gathered after the research, were then used to confirm our prediction that no substantial differences in the area of communication skills as far as the Slovene language is concerned among younger and older pupils would be found. The fact is that we have also found out that some mistakes, made by pupils, in writing and speaking are in fact common in all three classes; that pupils do have a better opinion of their communication skills than their actual knowledge really is; and that the errors made by pupils are perceived by both the pupils themselves and the teachers. We also discovered that the most frequent errors are related to the use of appropriate words, literary words, phrases and collocations. The findings show that the majority of the pupils enjoy Slovene lessons, especially reading and drama. Moreover, the teachers described the way the Slovene lessons are carried out and said that the majority of pupils attend the Slovene reading badge, however, the number of participants usually decreases in higher grades. The results of this thesis are especially useful for teachers of Slovene in the first educational period, namely during the first six grades in the Italian primary schools. Moreover, it can be very useful to take into consideration the most common errors, made by pupils, in the field of writing and speaking as well. In the end teachers thus have the opportunity to focus on them and try to eliminate them as early as possible.

Ključne besede:communication skills in the Slovenian language

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