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Drop on demand generation from a metal wire by means of an annular laser beam
Govekar, Edvard (Avtor), Kuznetsov, Alexander (Avtor), Jerič, Anže (Avtor)

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Izvleček
In the paper a novel system for drop-on-demand (DoD) generation from a metal wire is presented, whose main component is a newly developed laser droplet generation head, consisting of annular laser beam shaping optics and a wire feeding system. In the pendant droplet formation phase of the DoD generation, a laser pulse is used to melt the wire-end, which is fed into the focus of an annular laser beam. The formed pendant droplet is then detached by means of a detachment pulse, which induces Rayleigh - Plateau instability of the molten column of wire above the neck of the pendant droplet. The main process parameters, including the laser pulse and wire feeding parameters as well as the additional parameters which influence particular phases of the DoD generation process, have been identified. The empirical correlations between the influencing process parameters and the droplet characteristics, including droplet diameter and temperature, were determined, based on the analysis of high speed IR records of the process, images being acquired by an optical microscope and temperature data being acquired by pyrometers. As an example, DoD generation from a commercially pure 99.6 Ni wire (Nickel 200) of 0.6 mm diameter is considered. It is shown that droplets with diameters ranging from 0.85 to 1.25 mm can be generated, with a resolution of 50 m and a standard deviation of 15 m. The temperature of the detached droplet remains above the melting point of the Ni wire, and increases with the droplet diameter within the range from 1650 °C to 1750 °C. Some examples of Ni droplets deposited on a Ti sheet surface are presented, with the aim of demonstrating the capability of the proposed system, and motivating further applications in which drops on demand having a high temperature and a precisely defined diameter need to be generated, while limiting the thermal loading of the surroundings.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:droplet generation, drop-on-demand, metal wire, annular laser beam
Vrsta gradiva:Članek v reviji (dk_c)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:FS - Fakulteta za strojništvo
Leto izida:2016
Št. strani:Str. 59-70
Številčenje:Vol. 227
UDK:530.192(045)
ISSN pri članku:0924-0136
DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2015.07.026 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:14120731 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:433
Število prenosov:526
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Journal of materials processing technology
Skrajšan naslov:J. mater. process. technol.
Založnik:Elsevier
ISSN:0924-0136
COBISS.SI-ID:30105600 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Gradivo je financirano iz projekta

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:P2-0241
Naslov:Sinergetika kompleksnih sistemov in procesov

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:kapljice, laserski žarki, kovinske žice

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