In the master’s thesis, I discuss the topic of preschool education in the Republic of Slovenia from the legal perspective. Preschool education has an outstanding significance and gains even bigger significance in years. At first, the kindergarten was intended only as childcare. In years, however, it spread its functions. Now, it is an educational institution, as the first education begins in kindergartens and proceeds according to the national plan the Curriculum for kindergartens. Preschool education is the first education encountered by a child. It can significantly mark him for his entire life. Especially due to the fact that the studies show that children have an outstanding opportunity of remembering. At the same time, preschool education is important for the parents’ perspective, as the organized daycare enables that parents or mothers can return to their working positions as soon as possible. It is an important aspect from the perspective of the organization of the private and business life. In Slovenia, it is allowed to establish private and public kindergartens. When various other forms of daycare are enabled, the government realizes how very important that is for the development of future generations. At the same time, it strengthens the economy indirectly. The master’s thesis is divided into chapters which represent establishment, financing, and programs which can be performed in kindergartens with the emphasis on the differences between them. Unfortunately, there is a general rule that parents enroll a child in the geographically closest public kindergarten and do not deepen into the opportunities they have with the enrollment of a child in the private kindergarten. At the same time, it is important to stress that public health in Slovenia is good. At the same time, it is well taken care of preschool education which is by no means threatened by the private education. In spite of the effort, only a certain segment is actually written, as this is an extremely broad area which would demand an in-depth study of additional questions and in-depth answers. The master’s thesis is a general display of width and complexity of the field of the preschool education. Perhaps, it will not assist someone who wants to establish a private kindergarten. However, it will help to present the most important segments of that and the operations itself as well as the advantages of the private kindergarten.