Introduction: Stroke is one of leading causes of death worldwide. It is also the most important factor in the development of permanent physical and cognitive impairment. In patients with stroke, falls are approximately twice as likely to be compared to a healthy population and are one of the most common complications during rehabilitation. In order to encourage the patient's movement and independence, the risk of a fall may increase. Purpose: The purpose of the diploma work is to determine the effects of physiotherapeutic interventions on reducing the risk factors for falls in patients after a stroke, based on a review of professional and scientific literature. Methods: The working method was a literature review. The databases that were reviewed: The Cochrane Library, PEDro and Pubmed. Articles were searched in English language. We included randomized control studies, with patients in the chronic period following stroke. Results: The review included ten studies. Two studies examined the effects of physiotherapy interventions on reducing falls and on reducing risk factors for them, while the other eight only focused on reducing the risk factors for falls. In both studies, there was a decrease in the number of falls. The remaining researches found improvement in balance, walking speed and reduction of fear of falls. Conclusion: A multi-component approach is needed to effectively deal with stroke. Effective combinations of physiotherapeutic techniques are: exercise to increase the muscular capabilities of the limbs and torso, balance and walking exercise, exercise with virtual reality and tai chi. It is also worthwhile to include education on the prevention of falls. For more accurate observations on the efficacy of these, additional research is required, in particular research of higher quality and long term verification of effects.