The purpose of the master's thesis is to look at the way the apostle Paul and John Paul II. look at the sacred law as a sacrament and whether they find common emphasis in their views. In the first chapter, we will look at how the Apostle Paul looks upon man. We will look at how the body, soul, and spirit are understood (1 Th 5:23), and what their meaning is for the understanding interpersonal relationships. Understanding the meaning of terminology is the starting point for understanding the meaning of communal life. Only integrated anthropology makes it possible to understand who a person is. To connect man into communion with Christ and interpersonal relations, precise anthropology is essential. In the following we will look at 1 Cor 5: 7 to see how and why Paul is striving for us to get to know the meaning of communion and thus to live. First, he strives for us to get to know our identity and the importance of connection in communion. Then he talks about true freedom, which is possible only in genuine relationships and then about our calling in life. Paul is striving to present the meaning of genuine interpersonal relationships arising from baptism with Christ, and thus also to life. In the first letter to the Corinthians, Christians are encouraged to live sincere relationships in order to live freely by respecting the dignity of the body, which is the temple of the Holy Spirit (1 Cor 6:19) and that we would live according to the graceful gift (1 Cor 7: 7) from God. The sacrament of marriage is a gift of grace, through which the spouses enter the redemption mission of the Church and become an active part of salvation.
In the second part of our work we will dedicate ourselves to Pope John Paul II. and his view on marriage. From the very beginning, the Pope has focused on the issue of interpersonal relations, especially marriage. In his work, Love and Responsibility, he deals with various aspects, including difficult issues, relationships in an extremely deep way. The initial confrontation with the challenges of modern society is the starting point for an in-depth theological view of interpersonal love and the responsibility that comes with the relationship. The initial confrontation with difficulty allows the separation of desire and longing. Thus, we see that the desire in the foundations opposes the longing for genuine interpersonal relationships. While lust focuses only on a certain personality of a person, craving is directed at man as the person who is created for relationships. Relationships are not static but are subject to constant growth and development. Relations require a certain responsibility, which means overcoming situational ethics and awareness of the responsibility that we accept in relationships. The relationship between a man and a woman is also not subject to instinct, but stems from a complete personal commitment and sincerity, which means a certain sustainability and purity in everyday life. The modern world is thus confronted with virtues and attitudes towards relationships that are often neglected and despised.
Also, John Paul II. in the papal documents, answers the challenges of the modern world. The apostolic letter about the family is the fruit of the bishop's synod and expresses the still current view of the sacrament of the marriage. We will highlight two content sets from the letter, namely, the Marriage and the Family in God's Plan and the Tasks of the Christian Family. The first set answers the question "Who is man?" And the second set answers the question "What is the purpose of human life and the marriage?". Man is created according to God's image for life in relationships, among which marriage has a particularly important place, because it allows the creation of life. In marriage the husband and wife, through complete giving to one another, in a special way, become God's image. Specially the creation of a family becomes an active element in the life of society and the mission of the Church. For this reason, the education for marriage and family life is of utmost importance, because it enables young people to meet the challenges that they might have to face.
In the end, we will try to present some basic principles for the preparation to get married. We will see why marriage is a graceful gift from God and we will present marriage as a path of redemption.