Charlie Chaplin is considered to be one of the greatest filmmakers who has in his 75 years of filmmaking elevated the art of film to a new level. The diploma thesis is based on the discourse of an analysis of his film Modern Times in the search of implications of Taylorism and Fordism, which have directly changed the organization of work during the rise of capitalist system of production. In the film, Chaplin highlights the theme of what attitude do people have towards the technological progress and how does it influence their work and, ultimately, everyday life. Main objective of the thesis is to present, through visual representation in film narrative and film studies discourse, the visual composition used by Chaplin in the film. In the first - theoretical part, I focus on describing the concepts of Taylorism and Fordism, I also mention the Marxist view on division of labor and assumptions that lead to alienation from it. That is followed by description of film as the art of the 20th century. Within this, visual representation is defined in film narrative as well as film studies, in which some main formal elements are presented. Chaplin’s life and creative opus are concisely presented as well. In the second part of the diploma thesis, I analyze the “reading of the film” and look for visual elements that imply to concepts I describe in the first part.