Introduction: Fracture of proximal humerus is a common injury and it is third most common fracture among individuals above the age of 65. Sometimes a fracture like that is accompanied by dislocation of shoulder, which in general is the most common dislocation of all joints. In most cases, those kinds of fractures and dislocations can be treated conservatively, with immobilisation and physiotherapy. The main goal of physiotherapy in both cases is achieving same function, muscle performance and range of motion as prior to injury and strengthening of dynamic stabilizers of shoulder, stabilizers of scapula and improving neuromuscular control of shoulder. Purpose: Purpose of this thesis is to present physiotherapy treatment of patient after conservative treatment of proximal humerus fracture with anterior dislocation of shoulder. Methods: We looked into patient’s medical history and performed physiotherapeutic examination, which included: inspection, palpation, goniometric measurements of passive range of motion, assessment of muscle shortening, assessment of joint arthrokinematics, measurements of limb girth, manual muscle testing, assessment of hand grip strength and assessment of posture. Program of physiotherapy treatment consisted of methods and techniques of kinesiotherapy and manual therapy as well as health education. Results: Performed treatment programme improved range of motion in all directions, anteflexion improved for 5˚, abduction for 5˚, retroflexion for 10˚, external rotation for 15˚ and internal rotation for 10˚. Elevation through anteflexion improved for 15˚and elevation through abduction for 10˚. Performance of internal rotation and anteflexion muscles both improved for half grade. Limb girth of injured upper arm increased for 0,5 cm, while hand grip strenght improved for 5 kg. Pain during activity in end range of motion decreased for 1,5 point. Discussion and conclusion: Based on the results obtained after the physiotherapy treatment, we can conclude that our treatment was successful, since we achieved all short-term goals we defined before treatment.