In my thesis I present the study of stimulations and development of speaking skills - narrative skills of preschool children. In the theoretical part I talk about the importance of everyday language activities (speaking, listening, reading and storytelling), which have an impact on their communication skills. I describe the development of narration and define different types of children’s books. I also present the role of illustration and its quality; at the same time I list some well-known Slovenian illustrators and their work. In the empirical part I present the results of the research I carried out with the help of wordless picture book Bruno se igra / Bruno is playing by Marjan Manček, and the scale that defines the degree of coherence of the narrated story.Thirty random chosen children took part in the research; in the first group there were 10 children aged between 3–4, in the second 10 children aged between 4–5 and in the third group 10 children aged between 5–6 years. They narrated stories with the help of the picture book; the narration results were assessed with the degree of coherence. I studied the number on average used nouns and adjectives, according to the age of narrating children. The analysis of the results show that the degree of coherence of the narrated story mainly depends on the child’s age, but narration in some cases showed the influence of the previous stimulations on their speech and language skills. The given results show the difference in the number of words used by children aged 4–5. They indicate an important impact of teachers on the development of speech and language skills. According to the length of the story, the oldest groups of the children used on average the same or similar number of nouns, the youngest group used more nouns because they tend to itemize the narration. The youngest group used the least adjectives, a bit more adjectives were used by the oldest group, the most adjectives were used by the children aged between 4–5. At the same time their stories were the longest.