Introduction: The acute myocardial infarction is one of the ischemic heart diseases and is one of the most common causes of death in developed countries. An important role in preventing recurrent cardiac events plays the nurse with a systematic and planned health education. The nurse uses it to try to improve the condition of the cardiovascular system, prevent complications and symptoms, and reduce the psychological consequences. Aim: The purpose of the diploma work is to present, on the basis of literature review, the impact of health education on lifestyle changes in patients who have suffered acute myocardial infarction. Methods: A descriptive method of work was used. A descriptive method of work was used. In the literature review, we examined selected professional and scientific literature in the field of cardiology, health education and secondary prevention. The literature was searched using the following databases: CINAHL, Medline, PubMed and ScienceDirect. We have included literature for the period from January 2007 to January 2018. Results: Nine studies were included in the qualitative analysis. Long-term rehabilitation programs or health education provided better results in reaching patients' goals. Health education must be well planned, with appropriate content and carried out with suitable teaching aids. Long-term rehabilitation programs / health education provided better results in reaching patients' goals. Discussion and conclusion: The results show positive effects on behavior and lifestyle changes in patients after receiving health education. Health education should be tailored to the individual`s needs. In patients, first appeared changes in increased physical activity and smoking cessation.