The Master's thesis examines the exhaustion of domestic remedies and the six-month time limit, which are two of the admissibility criteria, set out in Article 35 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The introductory part introduces the placement of these two criteria into the framework of Article 35 of the Convention and of the entire system under the Convention. The main part presents the rules that have been developed through the practise of the European Court of Human Rights, regarding the exhaustion of domestic remedies and the six-month rule. These rules are illustrated by the Court's case-law. The purpose of presenting these two admissibility criteria is that the requirements contained in Article 35 concerning the exhaustion of domestic remedies and the six-month period are closely interconnected. They both play an important role in addressing cases before the Court. In the end, a few words are also devoted to the Protocol no. 15 (which is still not in force) introducing a four-month time limit for the application to the Court.