In the introduction I deal with examples, the purpose and characteristics of responsibility for the act of another in civil law, law of violations and criminal law.
In the following, I examine individual potential cases of responsibility for the act of another; both law of violations and criminal law, both historical and actual. Some of these actually constitute the responsibility for the act of another, and in others, it only at the first glance seems to the user of law that they are an example of this kind of responsibility, although they are not. The emphasis of this dissertation is on the responsibility of the vehicle owner, since the provision of the law that prescribes this responsibility is applied on a daily basis to specific life situations. I also mention the example of the bus driver’s responsibility for children, which is not clearly defined, although it was established (at least) in one case. After that, a transition is made to the criminal field, where cascade responsibility is treated, which in a certain (classical) form implies responsibility for the act of another, but not according to the positive (applicable) law. This is followed by entity’s responsibility for the act of another, which is the only meaningful concept, when such responsibility is applicable. At the end, examples of the responsibility of the head of the criminal organization, the responsibilities of the military commanders and superiors, and the responsibility of the indirect perpetrator are elaborated, which raise (only) suspicion that they present the responsibility for the act of another. Before completing the dissertation, I will also present the position of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia on providing guarantees in the criminal and offence proceedings, and the position on exceptions to the fundamental principles of criminal law, such as responsibility for the act of another.
In conclusion, I will present my view on the constitutionality and appropriateness of this institute and the proposal for future regulation.