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Urban heat islands in relation to green land use in European cities
ID Nastran, Mojca (Avtor), ID Kobal, Milan (Avtor), ID Eler, Klemen (Avtor)

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Izvleček
The phenomenon of increased temperature in cities compared to their rural environs, also referred to as urban heat island, is one of the most evident anthropogenic climatic modifications. Introducing green spaces and vegetation is the fastest, simplest, and a highly effective way of mitigating and adapting urban temperature conditions. The primary goal of the presented research is to identify the interrelationship between urban heat island magnitude (UHIM) and urban green infrastructure extent, shape, and distribution on European scale comparing different green space planning traditions % planning families (PFs). The UHIM for the European cities was calculated based on a reconstructed MODIS LST dataset of a period of ten years. The reasons for the arrangement of UHIMs according to PFs and green land use are not easily explained and are certainly influenced by a number of various conditions in different PFs. UHIM increases with the longitude of cities. In some of the PFs, the relation between the UHIM and land use proportion is characteristic for certain land uses, but a considerable difference between PFs regarding land use proportion with significant impact on UHIM can only be noted in case of a forest. The configuration and composition of the forest correlate with UHIM with statistical significance, but the share of the forest does not affect UHI in all PFs in the same way. While a higher proportion of forest, higher largest patch index, higher mean patch area, higher edge density and higher proportional landscape core is associated with a lower UHIM in the New member and Mediterranean PFs, the relationship in other PFs is reversed. Information on general patterns of UHIM occurrence in relation to urban green infrastructure characteristics could help urban planners and politicians introduce changes on the local level, which would help providing nature-based solutions for the mitigation of the UHI phenomenon.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:landscape metrics, land surface temperature, land use, MODIS, urban forest, urban heat island
Vrsta gradiva:Delo ni kategorizirano (r6)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Status objave pri reviji:V tisku
Verzija članka:Preprint, delovna različica članka (nerecenzirana)
Št. strani:Str. [v tisku]
Številčenje:#Vol. #[v tisku], #iss. #[v tisku]
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-101212 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:630*92:630*91+630*18
ISSN pri članku:1618-8667
DOI:10.1016/j.ufug.2018.01.008 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:5012646 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:14.05.2018
Število ogledov:1304
Število prenosov:1492
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Urban Forestry and Urban Greening
Založnik:Urban & Fisher Verlag GmbH & Co. KG
ISSN:1618-8667
COBISS.SI-ID:971430 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Licence

Licenca:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva-Nekomercialno-Brez predelav 4.0 Mednarodna
Povezava:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.sl
Opis:Najbolj omejujoča licenca Creative Commons. Uporabniki lahko prenesejo in delijo delo v nekomercialne namene in ga ne smejo uporabiti za nobene druge namene.
Začetek licenciranja:14.05.2018

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:krajinske meritve, temperatura površine zemljišča, površine zemljišča, raba zemljišča, MODIS, mestni gozd, mestni toplotni otok

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