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Odlog izvršitve kazni zapora zaradi zdravstvenih razlogov po noveli ZIKS-1E in ZIKS-1F
Erjavec, Špela (Avtor), Možina, Damjan (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
Magistrsko diplomsko delo se posveča institutu odloga izvršitve kazenske sankcije zapora zaradi zdravstvenih razlogov. Zaupanje ljudi v delovanje državnega aparata in učinkovitost zakonodaje je vse šibkejše, kar pa zmanjšuje kakovost pravne države. Menim, da zaradi burnih medijskih in strokovnih diskusij uspe vplivati na zaupanje ljudi in delovanje pravne države tudi ureditev spornega instituta, ki je glavni predmet mojega dela. Namen dela je proučiti in primerjati ureditev instituta v obeh novelah Zakona o izvrševanju kazenskih sankcij, torej v ZIKS-1E in ZIKS-1F, in tako najti prednosti in slabosti obeh ureditev ter poiskati morebitne rešitve problema. Na začetku se bralec seznani s temeljnimi pojmi, povezanimi s kazensko sankcijo, konkretno zaporno kaznijo, njenim namenom in zdravstveno oskrbo zapornikov. Nato sledijo predstavitev samega instituta odloga, zakonska ureditev in njene prednosti in slabosti. V svojem delu opozarjam tudi na možnost zlorabe prve točke prvega odstavka 24. člena ZIKS-1E in po mojem mnenju neprimerno zakonodajno spremembo ZIKS-1F, ki je bila sprejeta zaradi želje po preprečitvi nadaljnjih zlorab in skrajšanja postopkov, kar sta sama po sebi legitimna cilja. V povezavi z zlorabo instituta sledi predstavitev kaznivega dejanja izdaje in uporabe lažnega zdravniškega ali veterinarskega spričevala, urejeno v 255. členu Kazenskega zakonika (v nadaljevanju KZ-1). Sledita primerjalno-pravna analiza ureditve instituta in sodna praksa Evropskega sodišča za človekove pravice (v nadaljevanju ESČP) z obravnavanega področja. Na koncu bom s pomočjo komparativne metode, metode analize in sinteze ter analize sekundarnega gradiva predstavila predloge za rešitev problema.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:Kazenska sankcija zapora, odlog izvršitve kazenske sankcije zapora zaradi zdravstvenih razlogov, zloraba instituta, zakonska ureditev instituta, prednosti in slabosti, odgovornost zdravnikov, kaznivo dejanje iz 255. člena KZ-1.
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Organizacija:PF - Pravna fakulteta
Leto izida:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:16113745 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:617
Število prenosov:319
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Suspense of the execution of the prison sentence due to health reason as per novels ZIKS-1E and ZIKS-1F
Izvleček:
This master’s thesis is dealing with institute of suspense of the execution of the prison sentence due to health reason. There is less and less people's trust in the operation of the state apparatus and legislation efficiency which is reducing the quality of rule of law. It is my view that turbulent media and expert discussions succeed in impacting the people's trust in role of law operation also due to the arrangement of controversial institute that is the main subject of my thesis. The aim is to study and compare the arrangement of the institute in both novels of the Law on execution of criminal sanctions, i.e. in ZIKS-1E and ZIKS-1F, and thus find advantages and disadvantages of both arrangements as well as seek possible solutions to the problem. At the beginning, I let the reader get to know the fundamental concepts related to criminal sanction of prison sentence, its intention and prisoners health-care. Following is the representation of the institute itself, its legal arrangement along with advantages and disadvantages. In the thesis I’m also drawing reader’s attention to possible abuse of the Item No.1, Paragraph No. 1, of the Article 24 of ZIKS-1E and to my opinion inappropriate legal amendment ZIKS-1F that was adopted with the intention to prevent further abuse and to shorten processes which are legitimate goals on their own. In relation to the institute abuse, there is the representation following on criminal act of issue and use of fake medical or veterinary certificate which is being dealt with in Article 255 of Criminal Code (hereinafter KZ-1). Coming after that is the comparative-legal analysis of institute arrangement and judicial practice of European Court of Human Rights (hereinafter ESČP) in my focus area. At the end I offer suggestions to problem solution with the help of comparative method, method of analysis and synthesis and analysis of secondary material.

Ključne besede:Criminal sanction of prisoning, suspense of the execution of the prison sentence due to health reasons, institute abuse, legal arrangement of the institute, advantages and disadvantages, responsibility of doctors, criminal act as per Article 255 KZ-1

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