This master’s thesis is dealing with institute of suspense of the execution of the prison sentence due to health reason. There is less and less people's trust in the operation of the state apparatus and legislation efficiency which is reducing the quality of rule of law. It is my view that turbulent media and expert discussions succeed in impacting the people's trust in role of law operation also due to the arrangement of controversial institute that is the main subject of my thesis. The aim is to study and compare the arrangement of the institute in both novels of the Law on execution of criminal sanctions, i.e. in ZIKS-1E and ZIKS-1F, and thus find advantages and disadvantages of both arrangements as well as seek possible solutions to the problem. At the beginning, I let the reader get to know the fundamental concepts related to criminal sanction of prison sentence, its intention and prisoners health-care. Following is the representation of the institute itself, its legal arrangement along with advantages and disadvantages. In the thesis I’m also drawing reader’s attention to possible abuse of the Item No.1, Paragraph No. 1, of the Article 24 of ZIKS-1E and to my opinion inappropriate legal amendment ZIKS-1F that was adopted with the intention to prevent further abuse and to shorten processes which are legitimate goals on their own. In relation to the institute abuse, there is the representation following on criminal act of issue and use of fake medical or veterinary certificate which is being dealt with in Article 255 of Criminal Code (hereinafter KZ-1). Coming after that is the comparative-legal analysis of institute arrangement and judicial practice of European Court of Human Rights (hereinafter ESČP) in my focus area. At the end I offer suggestions to problem solution with the help of comparative method, method of analysis and synthesis and analysis of secondary material.