Alternatives to legal proceedings represent a unique contribution to the resolution of conflicts in the civil law field, which, having adapted to the peculiarities of the system, has also moved to the criminal law area, where at first glance seems to be inappropriate for their use. With the gradual development through plea bargaining, truth and reconciliation commissions, mediation, the international criminal law has acquired new tools to ensure justice. Insisting on the further development of these procedures would eliminate many of the weaknesses of their current use and would allow the international criminal law to better seek responsibility for the atrocities committed.
The thesis presents already established methods of out-of-court settlement of criminal cases both at the national level and in the international criminal law, in ways that would offer better opportunities for resolving conflicts and the possibility of developing new methods that could contribute to the reconciliation of the affected community more than this currently enables classic criminal procedure. The existence of an alternative dispute resolution system would help combat impunity as a complement to international criminal courts or their substitution if the establishment of the jurisdiction of these bodies would not be possible. In addition to the strong support of extra-judicial options, the International Criminal Court also needs further development of functioning of the institution, which would allow plea bargaining and thus adequately ensure both, the rights of the defendants and the rights and interests of the victims.