In this diploma thesis we have studied changes of the cadastral land use in the cadastral community of Šentrupert based on land use data from the Franziscean land cadastre and current data on land use in the area. The theoretical part of the thesis includes a brief presentation of the Franzicsean land cadastre and an overview of the legislation, related to land use data. In analytical part, the field names system in the Franziscean land cadastre has been analysed. Furthermore, the changes of land plots’ structure has been studies, and the built-up areas and land use in general has been compared between the situation in the beginning of the 19th century as recorded in the Franziscean land cadastre and current situation. It has been shown, that the current land use data are not of as high quality as it is expected, due to unsufficient update or the concept of databases is adjusted to other needs (non-cadastral). Nevertheless, for the study area it can be concluded, that the agricultural land in use and pastures are becoming overgrown, fields are getting meadows. On the basis of our study we can further conclude that the Franziscean land cadastre has an important historical value for every country, since it is appropriate for different analyses of spatial situation in the time of its formation.