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Spremembe metabolitov in mikrobnega okolja v prebavilih pred in po normoksični in hipoksični obremenitvi
Konda, Simona (Avtor), Stres, Blaž (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu, Debevec, Tadej (Komentor)

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Izvleček
Magistrsko delo je nastalo v sklopu projekta PreTerm in predstavlja rezultate analiziranih vzorcev fecesa sodelujočih preiskovancev. Namen dela je bil primerjati stanje metabolitov in okoljskih parametrov v fecesu predčasno rojenih preiskovancev s stanjem pri pravočasno rojenih preiskovancih. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 34 preiskovancev, starih med 18-24 leti, med njimi je bilo 20 predčasno rojenih in 14 pravočasno rojenih. Tekom testiranj so opravili teste v hipoksiji, kot tudi teste v normoksiji, vsako vrsto testa pa so opravili v mirovanju ter v fizični aktivnosti. 3 dni pred in po vsakem testu so zbirali vzorce fecesa, ki smo jih kasneje analizirali. Določili smo fizikalno-kemijske parametre ter vsebnost metabolitov z 1H-NMR analizo. S pomočjo rezultatov fizikalno-kemijskih parametrov (vsebnost vode, sterolov, trdota fecesa po bristolski lestvici, prebodna masa, pH, prevodnost, Sr, E2:E3, TSOC in RS), kot tudi metabolitov, pridobljenih z NMR analizo pridemo do enakega zaključka in sicer ne moremo zavrniti zastavljene hipoteze, da pred in po obremenitvenih testih ne bo razlik v stanju metabolitov med obema preiskovanima skupinama. Preverjali smo tudi vpliv različnih eksperimentalnih parametrov na raztros podatkov in ugotovili, da nobeden izmed zbranih parametrov (dan vzorčenja, vrsta testa, preiskovana skupina, čas vzorčenja glede na test, starost, višina in teža preiskovancev ob začetku testiranj ter gestacijska starost in teža) ni bistveno vplival na končni rezultat. Največji vpliv na rezultate je imela zaporedna številka vzorca, kar pomeni, da so si bili vzorci med seboj različni. Zaključimo lahko, da je človeško telo in z njim tudi prebavni trakt zelo kompleksno in stabilno okolje, ki mora vzdrževati svojo funkcijo in aktivnost tudi ob stresnih situacijah. Posledično z manjšimi okoljskimi vplivi ne moremo spremeniti njene strukture in funkcije.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:medicinska mikrobiologija, prebavni trakt, predčasno rojeni, črevesna mikrobiota, hipoksija
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2018
Založnik:[S. Konda]
UDK:612.33:612.22:577.121:579.6
COBISS.SI-ID:4877688 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:827
Število prenosov:474
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Changes in intestinal metabolites and microbial environment before and after normoxic and hypoxic exercise
Izvleček:
This Masters thesis was written as a part of PreTerm project and presents the results of analysed faeces samples of individuals who took part in the research. The purpose of the thesis was to compare the state of metabolites and the environmental parameters in faeces of participants born prematurely contrasted with the state in those born on time. The research was conducted on 34 participants aged between 18-24, among which there were 20 born prematurely and 14 born on time. In the testing period tests in hypoxia as well as normoxia were carried out, each type of test executed both during rest and physical activity. Faeces samples were collected 3 days prior and subsequent to each test and tested later. Physical-chemical parameters and the content of metabolites using the 1H-NMR analysis were identified. Both the results of physical-chemical parameters (water and sterol content, faeces hardness according to Bristol stool chart, piercing weight, pH, conductivity, SR, E2:E3, TSOC and RS) as well as metabolites results obtained by NMR analysis bring us to identic conclusion, i. e. that it is not possible to dismiss the set hypothesis stating that there will be no differences in the state of metabolites between both researched groups before and after the physical strain tests. The influence of various experimental parameters on data dispersion was also checked and it was determined that none of the chosen parameters (sampling day, test type, researched group, sampling time according to the test, age, height and weight of participants at the beginning of testing as well as their gestational height and weight) had significantly influenced the end results. The results were mostly influenced by the successive number of the sample meaning the samples were different among themselves. It can be concluded that human body and therefore its digestive tract is a highly complex and stable environment which must maintain its function and activity even in stressful situations. Consequently it is not possible to change its structure and function with minor environmental influences.

Ključne besede:medical microbiology, gastrointestinal tract, preterm born, gut microbiota, hypoxia

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