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Gestacijski diabetes in zdrav življenjski slog : meta-sinteza znanstvenih študij
ID Lainšček, Saša (Author), ID Pandel Mikuš, Ruža (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Gestacijski diabetes je sladkorna bolezen, ki se pojavlja v nosečnosti. Incidenca omenjene bolezni čedalje bolj narašča. V Sloveniji je bilo samo leta 2011 kar 4,3 % odkritih nosečnic z gestacijskim diabetesom. Zdrava prehrana in telesna aktivnost sta ključnega pomena pri nadzorovanju poteka bolezni in preprečevanju zapletov, ki se lahko pojavijo. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je predstaviti gestacijski diabetes in vlogo diplomirane babice pri obravnavi nosečnice, ki ima gestacijski diabetes ter raziskati učinek nizkega glikemičnega indeksa in probiotičnih dodatkov ter telesne aktivnosti na pojavljanje in urejenost gestacijskega diabetesa. Metode dela: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna metoda dela z analizo znanstvenih študij in strokovnih člankov. Meta-sinteza študij je bila narejena s pomočjo vrednotenja po štiri stopenjski lestvici avtorjev Ecclesa in Masona, kjer ima najvišjo vrednost dokazov I. stopnja. Literaturo smo iskali s pomočjo spletnih brskalnikov PubMed, CINAHL, COBBIS, DiKUL. Rezultati: Meta-sinteza znanstvenih študij je pokazala, da ima prehrana, ki vsebuje nižji glikemični indeks ugoden vpliv na urejenost krvnega sladkorja in potek gestacijskega diabetesa. Uživanje probiotičnih dodatkov lahko prav tako pomaga pri urejenosti omenjene bolezni. Telesna aktivnost je ključnega pomena pri preprečevanju gestacijskega diabetesa. Razprava in sklep: Potrebne so še dodatne študije, s pomočjo katerih bi lahko zagotovo trdili, da so živila z nizkim glikemičnim indeksom ali probiotični dodatki ter telesna aktivnost učinkoviti pri nadzorovanju oziroma preprečevanju razvoja gestacijskega diabetesa pri vseh nosečnicah. Babica ima pomembno zdravstveno-vzgojno vlogo pri nosečnicah s to boleznijo. Mora jih usmerjati k zdravemu prehranjevanju in čim pogostejši telesni aktivnosti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:gestacijski diabetes, prehrana v nosečnosti, probiotiki, telesna aktivnost, babice
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5380715 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:23.12.2017
Views:1288
Downloads:913
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Gestational diabetes and a healthy lifestyle : meta-synthesis of scientific studies
Abstract:
Introduction: Gestational diabetes is a condition that occurs during pregnancy. The disease is drastically increasing. In 2011, 4.3% of pregnant women with gestational diabetes were diagnosed in Slovenia. Healthy nutrition and physical activity are crucial in controlling the course of the disease and preventing complications that may occur. Purpose: The purpose of the diploma work is to present gestational diabetes and the role of a graduate midwife when treating a pregnant woman with gestational diabetes and investigate the effect of a low glycemic index and probiotic supplements and physical activity on the appearance and regulation of gestational diabetes. Methods: A descriptive working method was used with the analysis of scientific studies and professional articles. The meta-synthesis of studies was done by evaluating the four-tier scale of the authors of Eccles and Mason, where the highest value of the evidence is the 1st stage. We searched the literature using web browsers PubMed, CINAHL, COBBIS, DiKUL. Results: A meta-synthesis of scientific studies has shown that a diet containing a lower glycemic index has a beneficial effect on the regulation and course of gestational diabetes. The use of probiotic supplements can also help to regulate the disease. Physical activity is essential in preventing gestational diabetes. Discussion and conclusion: Further studies are needed to ensure that foods with low glycemic index or probiotic supplements and physical activity are effective in controlling or preventing the development of gestational diabetes in all pregnant women. The graduate midwife certainly has an important health and educational role with pregnant women which have the disease, since they have to direct them to healthy eating and as much physical activity as possible.

Keywords:gestational diabetes, diet and nutrition throughout pregnancy, probiotics, physical activity, midwives

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