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Odnos učencev 2. in 3. razreda do predmeta šport glede na indeks telesne mase : magistrsko delo
Čibej, Melita (Avtor), Štemberger, Vesna (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
V magistrskem delu smo ugotavljali, kakšen odnos imajo učenci 2. in 3. razredov OŠ do predmeta šport glede na indeks telesne mase. V teoretičnem delu smo opredelili pomen gibanja, osredotočili smo se predvsem na gibalno/športno aktivnost otrok in mladostnikov. Ugotavljali smo, kako družina, šola, predmet šport in učitelji pomembno vplivajo na gibalno/športno aktivnost otrok. Usmerili smo se predvsem na gibalno/športno nedejavnost in problem naraščanja prekomerne telesne teže in debelosti med otroki in mladostniki. Proučili smo, kako narašča v svetu in v Sloveniji epidemija prekomerne telesne teže in debelosti. Navedli smo vzroke in posledice, ki jih to prinaša. Za ugotavljanje prekomerne telesne teže in debelosti smo predstavili izračun indeksa telesne mase. Nadalje smo opisali, kako lahko gibalna/športna dejavnost pripomore k zmanjšanju telesne teže in kakšni načini vadbe so primerni za prekomerno težke in debele otroke. V zadnjih poglavjih smo se osredotočili še na pomen motivacije za gibalno/športno udejstvovanje ter na povezanost med telesno samopodobo in gibalno/športno dejavnostjo. V empiričnem delu so sodelovali 203 učenci, ki so v šolskem letu 2016/17 obiskovali 2. in 3. razrede na osnovnih šolah na Primorskem in na Gorenjskem. Zanimalo nas je, ali je predmet šport všeč učencem s prekomerno telesno težo in debelostjo, kaj jim je pri predmetu najbolj in kaj jim je najmanj všeč, kaj bi spremenili pri pouku športa, kako se pri tem pouku počutijo, kako pogosto se z družino gibajo in kateri šport jim je najbolj pri srcu. Rezultati so pokazali, da je predmet šport priljubljen med učenci s prekomerno telesno težo in debelostjo. Vsebine, ki so tem učencem pri predmetu najbolj všeč, so elementarne igre, in sicer moštvena igra Med dvema ognjema. Najmanj pa jim je všeč tek. Učenci s prekomerno telesno težo in debelostjo, ki obiskujejo 2. razred, si ne želijo sprememb pri predmetu, učenci 3. razreda pa si želijo, da bi bilo prisotnega manj teka. Na vprašanje, kako se pri predmetu počutijo, so najpogosteje odgovorili, da so pri predmetu osamljeni, da jim je slabo, jih boli glava, trebuh, roke in noge ter da jim je pri pouku športa nerodno. Kar 38,5 % debelih učencev se z družino nikoli ne ukvarja s športom, občasno se jih z družino giba 15,4 %, kar je najnižji odstotek med ponujenimi odgovori. 11,4 % prekomerno težkih učencev se z družino nikoli ne giba, občasno se jih giba 20 %. Višji so odstotki pri gibanju med vikendi (prekomerno težki – 31,1 % ; debeli – 23,1 %) in vsak dan (prekomerno težki – 37,1 %; debeli – 23,1 %). Najpogostejša gibalna/športna dejavnost, s katero se ukvarjajo v okviru družine, je kolesarjenje. To je tudi najbolj priljubljena vrsta športa med otroki s prekomerno telesno težo in debelostjo. Poleg tega imajo v veliki meri radi tudi plavanje, rolanje in igre z žogo.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:predmet šport, gibanje, gibalna/športna dejavnost, prekomerna telesna teža, debelost, indeks telesne mase
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:PEF - Pedagoška fakulteta
Leto izida:2017
Založnik:[M. Čibej]
Št. strani:72 str.
UDK:796:373.3(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:11877961 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:206
Število prenosov:110
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Attitudes of second and third graders towards physical education with respect to the body mass index
Izvleček:
In the master’s thesis we analysed the attitude of 2nd and 3rd grade pupils’ towards sports lessons considering their body mass index. In the theoretical part, we defined the importance of physical exercise, we primarily focused on the physical/sports activities of children and adolescents. We identified the influence of family, school, sports lessons and teachers on the physical/sports activities of children. We particularly focused on the physical/sports inactivity and the problem of growing overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. We studied the annually growing epidemic of overweight and obesity in the world and in Slovenia. We also stated the causes and consequences of this epidemic. We presented the calculation of the body mass index for the determination of overweight and obesity. We then described how physical/sports activity can contribute to weight loss and which types of exercise are suitable for overweight and obese children. In the final chapters, we also focused on the importance of motivation for physical/sports activity and on the correlation between the body image and physical/sports activity. In the research within the empirical part participated 203 pupils, who attended 2nd and 3rd grades of primary school in the Coastal and Upper Carniola region during the school year 2016/2017. We wanted to know, if overweight and obese children like Sports lessons in school, what they like mostly about this school subject and what they like the least, what they would change regarding this school subject, how they feel during lessons, how often they engage in physical activities with the family and which sport they like the most. The results showed that Sports lessons are popular among overweight and obese children. The elements of this school subject that pupils’ like the most are elementary games, more precisely the team game Dodgeball, but at least they like running. Overweight and obese children, attending the 2nd grade, do not want any changes in terms of this school subject, while those, attending the 3rd grade, want less running. The most frequent answers to the question, how they feel during Sports lessons, were that they feel lonely, fatigued, that their head, abdomen, hands or legs hurt or that they feel ashamed. As much as 38.5% of obese pupils never engage in sports activities with their family and sometimes 15.4%, which is the lowest percentage of all the provided answers. 11.4% of overweight pupils never engage in sports activities with their family and sometimes 20 %. Higher percentages are present when it comes to physical exercise during the weekend (overweight – 31.1%; obese – 23.1) and everyday physical activities (overweight – 37.1%; obese – 23.1%). The most frequent physical/sports activity they are performing with their family is cycling. Cycling is also the most popular type of sports among overweight and obese children. In addition, they highly like swimming, inline-skating and ball games.

Ključne besede:sport, primary education, šport, osnovnošolski pouk

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