In the master thesis entitled The Law and Healthy Food, the notion of healthy food and the significance of its normative regulation are presented. Even older medical findings confirm the impact that food has on human health and the onset of illness, so it is crucial that, with the help of the law, we ensure the availability of food which does not pose a risk to an individual's health after it is consumed. In the first part of the master thesis, the effect of food on the onset of illness is briefly presented. Since health is of the utmost importance for the economic and social stability of the state, it is protected by food legislation, which ensures a high quality of food thus reducing or eliminating the risks of danger to human health. This is also achieved through the legislative regulation of chemical food contaminants, including pesticides and additives. In the second part of the thesis, the legislative regulation of pesticides, their residues in food and additives is presented in greater detail. The aim of this regulation is to prevent their use in the process of food production so as to stop them from harming the individual who will consume the food. Further, the right to health and the right to food are also presented. The understanding of both rights is described in both international and Slovenian regulation. In the international sphere, the right to food is provided for broadly – not just as a protection from famine, but rather as the right to adequate food. The concept of adequate food was specifically defined by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. In the General Comment No. 12 on the right to adequate food, the Committee defined the notion of "adequate" and also linked the provision of this right to the sustainable development. With this, the right to food has come much closer to the meaning of the right to healthy food. Finally, since the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia does not include the right to food, the last part of the thesis presents the possibility of establishing the right to healthy or adequate food in Slovenian legal area.