In this master thesis, we have tried to describe, using appropriate literature and other information, different Christian communities in the greater Middle East (MENA region - the Middle East and North Africa). First, we have established what is Christianity (there are religious groups that draw from the Christian tradition, but they cannot be labelled as Christian in the macro region, for example, Mandaeans, Yazidis etc.), after that we’ve established what is Islam, which is the most prevalent religion in the macro region. In the historical review, we’ve highlighted all the most important events and we listed individual Christian communities of the region. After that, we followed with a country by country review, which we conclude with the evaluation of today’s state and future prospects.
In this macro region, the three great monotheistic religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) were formed, and their coexistence can represent different manners of how this coexistence could be achieved in other parts of the world. Or the opposite, where do we have to be careful when discussing coexistence. The region is heavily marked with violent and authoritarian governments and because of that, the world media is full of information about the region. That information must be taken with a reasonable amount of criticism. Christians of the region are heavily persecuted and their percentage is constantly declining, so it is up to the other parts of the world to warn about the state and to try and help to their powers.