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Does human infrastructure shape scent marking in a solitary felid?
Krofel, Miha (Avtor), Hočevar, Lan (Avtor), Allen, Maximilian (Avtor)

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Izvleček
Human development, such as construction of roads and trails, can affect several animal behaviour traits and is increasing worldwide. Despite the importance of scent marking for communication and social organization in many mammals, it is not clearly understood how scent marking is affected by human habitat modification. We used snow tracking data collected across six winters to study the effects of road infrastructure on the marking behaviour of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) in a human-dominated landscape. We found that lynx marked at higher rates (11.2 urine sprays/km) on human routes (forest roads and logging trails) than when walking in natural habitat (5.8 sprays/km). This pattern was noted in both sexes, although males walked on human routes more frequently and scent marked more often than females. Compared to previous studies the mean marking rates we observed were the highest documented so far for wild felids. This may mainly be due to regular use of human routes (42% of all lynx movement) and the high scent marking rates found thereon. Human routes channelize lynx movement, and scent marking on these routes likely increases the probability of the chemical message being received by a conspecific; therefore human routes might enable more effective communication in territorial felids. Since most of the landscapes worldwide are covered by road networks and various human objects, the marking behaviour of wild mammals may be profoundly changed due to human-caused habitat modifications.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:evrazijski ris, Lynx lynx, označevanje, teritorialnost, vonjalne oznake, ceste, cestna infrastruktura, Eurasian lynx, human development, Lynx lynx, roads, urine marking
Vrsta gradiva:Delo ni kategorizirano (r6)
Tipologija:1.03 - Kratki znanstveni prispevek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Št. strani:str. 36-39
Številčenje:#Vol. #87
UDK:630*15
ISSN pri članku:1616-5047
DOI:10.1016/j.mambio.2017.05.003 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:4809382 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Licenca:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
To delo je dosegljivo pod licenco Creative Commons Priznanje avtorstva-Nekomercialno-Brez predelav 4.0 Mednarodna
Število ogledov:424
Število prenosov:326
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Mammalian biology
Skrajšan naslov:Mamm. biol.
Založnik:Urban u. Fischer
COBISS.SI-ID:495571 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Gradivo je financirano iz projekta

Financer:ARRS - Agencija za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije (ARRS)
Številka projekta:P4-0059
Naslov:DinaRis (Evropska Unija, INTERREG IIIA Neighborhood Program Slovenia/Hungary/Croatia 2004-2006)

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