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Arbitražno reševanje mednarodnih sporov v naftni industriji
Zec, Sandra (Author), Galič, Aleš (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Spori v naftni industriji so praktično neizogibni. K temu pripomore povečano število tujih investicij v naftni industriji, še posebej v prvi fazi vrednostne verige naftne industrije – fazi raziskovanja in proizvodnje nafte. Države, na ozemlju katerih se nahajajo ogljikovodiki, se zavedajo pomembnosti, ki jo ima naftna industrija za njihovo gospodarstvo, vendar jim primanjkuje tehničnega in strokovnega znanja za izvedbo naftnih investicijskih projektov. Zaradi tega države v razvoju privabljajo tuje investitorje, ki s sodobno tehnologijo in znanjem investirajo v kompleksne naftne projekte. Raziskovanje in proizvodnjo ogljikovodikov tako v pretežni meri izvajajo mednarodne naftne družbe. Vendar pa se mednarodna naftna družba sooča s številnimi tveganji. Država kot lastnica ogljikovodikov podeljuje dovoljenja za raziskovanje in proizvodnjo nafte mednarodnim naftnim družbam, vendar jih lahko tudi prekliče. Država kot stranka investicijskega naftnega projekta sklepa naftne pogodbe, vendar jih lahko tudi krši. In ne nazadnje, država kot zakonodajalec lahko nudi pravno in finančno stabilnost, vendar jo lahko tudi poruši, spremeni naftno politiko in s tem pogoje naftnih pogodb. Arbitraža je zaradi svoje nepristranskosti in fleksibilnosti najprimernejše sredstvo za reševanja sporov v naftni industriji. Mednarodne naftne družbe uveljavljajo kršitev naftnih pogodb in standardov zaščite s strani države gostiteljice pred Mednarodnim centrom za reševanje investicijskih sporov, ki je posebej specializiran forum za investicijske spore.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:naftna industrija, naftni investicijski projekti, naftne pogodbe, mednarodni naftni spori, arbitražna klavzula, investicijska arbitraža, bilateralni investicijski sporazumi, stabilizacijske klavzule
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:15821137 This link opens in a new window
Views:1366
Downloads:344
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Arbitration as a dispute settlement mechanism for international disputes in petroleum industry
Abstract:
Disputes in the petroleum industry are practically unavoidable. This is due to the growing number of foreign investments in the petroleum industry, especially in the first stage of the petroleum industry – upstream phase. Countries rich with hydrocarbon resources are aware of the tremendous importance of petroleum industry for their economy but do now possess the appropriate technical knowledge and experiences. Consequently, countries seek for foreign investors, which invest in their countries with their modern technology and experiences. For this reason, exploration and production of hydrocarbons is mainly carried out by international oil companies, which are specialized in demanding petroleum projects. But a petroleum investment project is far from simply being carried out. The State, as the owner of hydrocarbon resources, grants participation rights to international oil companies, but it can also revoke them. The State, as the contracting party in energy sector, negotiates the terms and performs the investment contract, but it can also breach them. State as the legislator, controls the legal and financial framework in which the contract takes shape, but it can also have the power to change oil policy and the terms of the investment contract. Due to its impartiality and flexibility, arbitration is the most common means of dispute settlement in the petroleum industry. Various international treaties offer an extensive protection for foreign investment and the possibility to settle their disputes with host state at International Centre for the Settlements of Investment Disputes, forum specifically specialized for investment disputes.

Keywords:petroleum industry, petroleum investment projects, petroleum contracts international petroleum disputes, arbitration clause, investment arbitration, bilateral investment treaties, stabilisation clauses

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