Modern society increasingly demands the use and inclusion of information and communication technology (ICT) in all spheres of our lives, including schools, which have consequently undergone great changes in the last two decades. Today's educational process can hardly be imagined without the use of ICT. It enables us optimal conditions for a teaching proces and develops skills and competences which are crucial for the successful functioning of individuals in the 21st century. Most schools are sufficiently equipped with a vide range of various ICT to implement modern teaching processes. Desktop and portable computers and tablets, interactive whiteboards, mobile phones and GPS devices are only some of them. Schools encourage teachers to use ICT, however the decision to use it still remains in the hands of individual teachers. ICT enables teachers a transition from the role of the only source of knowledge to facilitators who encourage learners to an active acquisition of knowledge.
This master's thesis includes a short introduction of the ICT, its use in education, mostly in the field of social studies. In primary schools ICT is mostly used by teachers and learners, thus we have presented where and how they use it and the influence it has on them. A key element for the use of ICT is a sufficient support of schools, therefore we have also analysed this aspect. The analysis mostly discusses how often and how a teacher from the 1st to the 5th grade uses ICT in social studies classes and the influences of its use, how well the teachers are qualified, what knowledge they still wish to acquire and what kind of support they receive for the use of ICT.