Elementary school education is obligatory in the Republic of Slovenia. A part of the public elementary education is a subject of “Home Economics”, which includes contents that contribute to individual's quality of life in family and society. The subject in public elementary schools is upgraded with two optional subjects, “Different Dieting” and “Contemporary food preparations”. Those two subjects include various contents and enable a more practical work and are also an upgrade from the previous lessons of “Home Economics.” Those contents are also taught in Montessori private elementary schools. The goal of this Thesis is to identify contents and specific content fields of two different syllabuses in Slovenian public elementary schools and in Montessori private elementary schools. I have used qualitative research methods. I have analysed the differences between the syllabus of public Slovenian schools and private Montessori schools using the content analysis of documents, considering the curriculum and contents of both schools’ Home Economics related subjects. Analysis has shown that the content is not much different. In private Montessori schools, they don't have the Home Economics subject, however, the contents are included in other lessons, which are implemented in different educational periods. Some contents are already included in the first triennial and are gradually continued to the last triennial, where some are upgraded by the learned knowledge. In comparison with public elementary schools, the private Montessori schools demand more practical work, group work, and project work. I evaluate that public schools should also include contents of Home Economics in all educational levels and that the emphasis should be on directing the pupils to learn more practical skills.