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Genetske razlike med različnimi tipi navadne konoplje (Cannabis sativa L.).
Bizjak, Tinkara (Author), Murovec, Jana (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Flajšman, Marko (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Navadna konoplja (Cannabis sativa L.) v zadnjih letih doživlja pravi agronomski in ekonomski preporod. Konoplja je rastlina, ki se jo lahko izkorišča v številne namene. Poleg tradicionalne rabe v različnih industrijah (avtomobilska, papirna, živilska in tekstilna) se v zadnjem času vedno bolj uveljavlja pridobivanje in uporaba kanabinoidov v medicini. V diplomskem delu je predstavljena uporaba navadne konoplje glede na del rastline, opis morfologije, rasti in gojenja navadne konoplje, dilema glede poimenovanja navadne konoplje, sintezne poti pomembnih kanabinoidov s poudarkom na genetskih razlikah med različnimi tipi navadne konoplje. Opisanih je do sedaj ugotovljenih pet kemotipov navadne konoplje, genetsko ozadje nastanka različnih kemotipov in njihovo določanje. Na koncu so predstavljeni še osnutek genoma navadne konoplje, biotehnološki pristopi gojenja navadne konoplje in proizvodnje kanabinoidov, kar je trenutno še v fazi raziskav.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:konoplja, Cannabis sativa L., genetske razlike, kemotipi, genom
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
Publisher:[T. Bizjak]
UDC:633.522:601.4:575:631.524:581.15(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:8785785 Link is opened in a new window
Views:369
Downloads:115
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Genetic differences between different types of cannabis
Abstract:
Cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.) is a plant that is currently undergoing a big popularity leap in agronomy and economy. Cannabis is a plant that can be widely used in the industry. Besides the traditional use in different industries (car, paper, food and textile) is more and more common to use cannabinoids in medicine. In this b. sc. thesis, cannabis is described based on its morphology, growth, confusion around Latin naming of the plant, synthesis pathways connected to the production of cannabinoids and use of different parts of the plant with emphasis to genetic differences among different types of C. sativa. The five chemotypes that have been discovered until now are presented in the thesis along with the genetic background of the inheritance of the chemotypes and methods to determine them. There are also mentioned the methods to determine genetic differences in the Cannabis family and the draft of the cannabis genome. In the end, there is a short presentation of biotech approaches to hemp breeding and cannabinoid production, which are currently being researched.

Keywords:cannabis, Cannabis sativa L., genetic differences, chemotype, genome

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