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Preoblikovanje šolskega zvezka za prvi razred osnovne šole
Qualizza, Nataša Pavla (Author), Stanković Elesini, Urška (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Urbas, Raša (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Zvezek je učni pripomoček, ki je prisoten v različnih stopnjah izobraževanja. V prvem razredu osnovne šole se otroci seznanijo z novim okoljem, zahtevnejšo vsebino ter uporabo velike količine zvezkov, delovnih zvezkov in učbenikov za različne predmete, kar obremeni njihove šolske torbe. Iz raziskav Ministrstva za izobraževanje, znanost in šport ter društva IndiJanez je bilo ugotovljeno, da otroci nosijo pretežke torbe, kar ogroža njihovo zdravje. Zmanjšanje teže šolskih torb bi bilo možno z digitalizacijo učbenikov in delovnih zvezkov, s čimer se v Sloveniji ukvarjajo že nekaj let. Tako sta se med leti 2011 in 2015 v Sloveniji izvajala dva projekta, povezana z digitalizacijo tiskanih vsebin: projekt E-učbeniki in projekt E-šolska torba. Kljub digitalizaciji učnih vsebin pa tiskanega zvezka ne moremo nadomestiti z digitalnim zvezkom v prvi triadi osnovne šole, saj bi to okrnilo motorične spretnosti otrok. Z željo po poenostavljanju uporabe zvezkov in sodobnejši grafični podobi je bil v letu 2015 izdelan prototip večpredmetnega zvezka z didaktičnimi vsebinami za prvi razred osnovne šole. Preko ustnega, pisnega in spletnega anketiranja otrok, učiteljic ter staršev so bile ugotovljene potrebne spremembe in dopolnitve za izdelavo pilotnega večpredmetnega zvezka, katerega povezovalni člen so morske živali, ki so jih učenci sami izbrali izmed raznih sklopov risb. Pilotni večpredmetni zvezek vključuje tako prazne liste (črtni, karo in brezčrtni) za tri različne predmete kot tudi didaktične naloge, ki pripomorejo k lažjemu in zanimivejšemu dojemanju učne vsebine. Pilotni večpredmetni zvezek je bil v uporabi v šolskem letu 2016/2017 v prvem razredu Osnovne šole Franca Rozmana Staneta. Ob koncu šolskega leta so bili izpolnjeni pilotni večpredmetni zvezki pregledani s tehničnega vidika. Iz rezultatov je razvidno, da je bila vključitev večpredmetnega zvezka v razredu izvedljiva, uporabna ter sprejeta tako s strani učiteljice kot tudi otrok in staršev.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:večpredmetni zvezek, prvi razred, digitalizacija, teža šolskih torb, učenci prvega razreda
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb21)
Organization:NTF - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Year:2017
Views:1377
Downloads:535
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Redesigning of a school notebook for the first grade of primary school
Abstract:
The notebook is an educational tool that is present in all levels of education. In the first grade of elementary school children become familiar with a new environment, more advanced content, and the use of large amounts of notebooks, workbooks and textbooks for different subjects, which load their school bags. From the research of the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport and Society IndiJanez it was established that children wear overweight school bags, which endangers their health. Reducing the weight of school bags would be possible with the digitization of textbooks and workbooks, thereby there are engaged in Slovenia for several years. Thus, between 2011 and 2015 Slovenia implemented two projects related to the digitization of printed content: E-textbook project and the project E-school bag. Despite the digitization of learning content, printed notebook can not be replaced by digital notebooks, as this would contribute to the curtailment of children's motor skills, which are crucial in the first three years of education. With the aim of simplifying the use of notebooks and a more modern graphic design, in 2015 was developed the prototype of a multi subject notebook didactic content for the first grade of primary school. Through oral, written and online interviewing of children, teachers and parents have been identified the required alterations and additions for the production of the pilot multi subject notebook, whose cohesive thread are sea animals, which pupils themselves have chosen from various sets of drawings. The pilot multi subject notebook includes both blank sheets of paper (striped, grid and ) for three different subjects as well as didactic assignments, which help to make learning easier and more interesting. The pilot multi subject notebook has been in use in the school year 2016/2017 in the first grade of primary school Franca Rozmana Staneta. The results show that the inclusion of a multi subject notebook at the classroom is feasible, usable and accepted by both teachers as well as parents and children.

Keywords:multi subject notebook, first grade of primary school, digitization, school bag weight, first grade pupils

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