Power and speed are two of the most basic motor skills that play major part of most sports disciplines. Jumping power, connection of the two, is often used to identify sport talents. Plyometrics was first introduced in the first half of the 20th century to develop speed and power. With proper use we can trigger specific neuromuscular adaptational processes.
Of the numerous types of available exercises, plyometrics effects on power development, which is a foundation for the athlete and their sport skill. Therefore, the purpose of this dissertation is to provide an overview of plyometrics including: definition, phases, the physiological, mechanical and neurophysiological basis of plyometrics, and to describe specific guidelines and training progression for implementing plyometric programs.
Part of the thesis focuses on guidelines of plyometric exercises for lower extremities. Kinesiologists and coaches with professional approach can accomplish positive effects in power, speed and agility tests. But long term benefits and health can only be reached with correctly planned and performed training. Plyometrics can also contribute to economical and effective movement in professional, recreational and youth sport.