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Vadba pred operativnim zdravljenjem sprednje križne vezi : diplomsko delo
Frančeškin, Tina (Author), Pori, Primož (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Namen diplomskega dela je bil predstaviti predoperativno vadbo na primeru poškodbe sprednje križne vezi kot pomembnem dejavniku okrevanja, ki sledi po operativnem posegu. Opisali smo anatomsko strukturo in biomehaniko kolenskega sklepa ter pojasnili, kako nam sprednja križna vez kot ena izmed ključnih struktur kolenskega sklepa omogoča gibanje kot ga poznamo. Predstavili smo poškodbo sprednje križne vezi. S pomočjo izbrane in skrbno preučene slovenske in tuje literature smo pripravili smernice za program predoperativne vadbe. Predlagali in opisali smo vaje, ki jih lahko posameznik izvaja pred operativnim posegom za obdobje štirih tednov. Te so bile izbrane na podlagi ključnih mišičnih skupin, ki jih je treba krepiti za čim hitrejše okrevanje. Vaje so bile razvrščene po težavnosti in razčlenjene na tri sklope – vaje za moč, vaje za propriocepcijo in vaje za gibljivost. Opozorili smo na morebitne napake pri izvajanju vaj. Menimo, da smo s tem delom povečali ozaveščenost o predoperativni vadbi. Gre namreč za vadbo, ki pomembno vpliva na uspešnost celotne rehabilitacije. Izboljša nam lahko kakovost življenja po operativnem posegu ter omogoči nadaljnjo udejstvovanje v športnih aktivnostih.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:predoperativna vadba, sprednja križna vez, rehabilitacija, vaje za moč, proprioceptivne vaje, vaje za gibljivost
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5202353 Link is opened in a new window
Views:382
Downloads:364
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Preoperative exercise for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
Abstract:
The aim of this thesis is to present a ratio for preoperative exercise program using anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) as an example, as preoperative exercise is an important factor for the postoperative recovery and clinical outcome. The thesis describes the anatomical structure and the biomechanics of the knee joint, and explains the way in which the ACL, one of the key structures of the knee joint, allows us to regain strength and fitness. The ACL injury is presented as well. With the help of selected and carefully examined Slovene and foreign literature, guidelines for the preoperative physical therapy have been developed. Exercises that an individual can perform for a month prior to the surgery have been suggested and described. In the selection process, the emphasis has been put on the exercises that strengthen the key muscle groups influencing the time of recovery. They have been ranked according to difficulty and broken down into three sets: strength exercises, proprioception exercises and flexibility exercises. The most common mistakes have been mentioned as well. The thesis strives to develop an increased awareness of pre-operative physical exercises. Prehab is, in fact, an exercise program that significantly influences the success of the whole rehabilitation process. It can improve quality of our life after surgery and enable us to further engage in sports activities.

Keywords:pre-operative physical therapy, anterior cruciate ligament, rehabilitation, strength exercises, proprioception exercises, flexability exercises

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