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Življenjski slog žensk z gestacijskim diabetesom : diplomsko delo
Smolič, Manca (Author), Karpljuk, Damir (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Videmšek, Mateja (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Namen diplomskega dela je predstaviti prilagojen program vadbe za nosečnice z gestacijskim diabetesom. Če se nosečnica počuti dobro, je sproščena in nima kontraindikacij, je vadba v času nosečnosti primerno alternativno zdravljenje gestacijskega diabetesa, sprostitev in priprava na porod. V diplomskem delu smo po pregledu domače in tuje literature opisali splošne spremembe v nosečnosti. Opredelili smo sladkorno bolezen, vrste, nastanek in zdravljenje. Opisali smo gestacijski diabetes ali nosečnostno sladkorno bolezen, ki vsako leto prizadene več žensk. Zdravljenje gestacijskega diabetesa je odvisno glede na prizadetost. Lahko je farmakološko z injiciranjem inzulina ali nefarmakološko, z ustrezno dieto in primerno telesno aktivnostjo. Raziskovali smo vpliv športne vadbe na gestacijski diabetes in odkrili, da vadba zmanjšuje potrebo po inzulinu. Športna vadba pa deluje tudi preventivno pred nastajanjem gestacijskega diabetesa pri nosečnicah z visoko stopnjo tveganja. V teoretičnem delu smo zajeli tudi priporočila za telesno dejavnost nosečnic ter izpostavili nevarnosti in kontraindikacije. Opisali smo intenzivnost in vrsto dejavnosti, ki so primerne za nosečnice. Izbira dejavnosti je odvisna od telesne pripravljenosti in stopnje aktivnosti pred zanositvijo. Predstavili smo tudi zgradbo vadbene enote, ki je prilagojena nosečnicam. V nadaljevanju smo oblikovali program športne vadbe, ki je primeren za nosečnice, ki so bile pred zanositvijo občasno telesno dejavne in nimajo kontraindikacij. Vadbo smo popestrili z elastikami in veliko žogo. Pripomočka sta varna in cenovno dostopna tudi za vadbo doma. Za lažjo predstavo in razumevanje smo vaje opremili s fotografijami.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:nosečnost, gestacijski diabetes, športna vadba
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5199537 This link opens in a new window
Views:993
Downloads:663
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:pregnancy, gestational diabetes mellitus, exercise program
Abstract:
The purpose of this Bachelor’s Thesis is to present a customized exercise program for pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). If the pregnant woman feels well, is relaxed and has no contraindications, exercise during pregnancy should be encouraged. Physical activity during pregnancy is an appropriate alternative treatment for GDM, relaxation and preparation for delivery. After reviewing domestic and foreign literature, we described general changes in pregnancy. We have identified diabetes, types, formation and treatment. We have described GDM, which affects more women every year. Treatment of GDM can be pharmacological by injection of insulin or non-pharmacological, with adequate diets and appropriate physical activity. We studied the impact of exercise on GDM and discovered that exercise reduces the need for insulin. Sport practice also acts as a preventive agent against GDM in pregnant women with a high degree of risk. In the theoretical part we also included recommendations for the physical activity of pregnant women, and highlighted the dangers and contraindications. We have described the intensity and type of activities that are suitable for pregnant women. The choice of activity depends on physical fitness and pre-pregnancy activity. We also presented the structure of a training unit that is adapted to pregnant women. In the following, we have developed a program of sports exercises that is suitable for pregnant women who do not have contraindications and who have been physically active from time to time prior to conception. We made the practice with elastic and big ball. The gadgets are safe and affordable for home workout. To facilitate the performance and understanding of exercises, we equip them with pictures.  

Keywords:THE LIFESTYLE OF WOMEN WITH GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS

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