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Možnost gojenja različnih aktinidij (Actinidia spp.) v Sloveniji ter primerjava njihovih pomoloških lastnosti in kakovosti plodov
Medič, Aljaž (Author), Veberič, Robert (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Aktinidija ali kivi je danes eden najbolj popularnih sadežev, in sicer predvsem zaradi visoke vsebnosti vitaminov (predvsem vitaminov E ter C) in drugih koristnih snovi, kot so karotenoidi, flavonoidi in minerali. Po nekaterih podatkih rod Actinidia obsega več kot 50 različnih vrst ter več kot 100 podvrst. Poznamo tri gospodarsko pomembne vrste A. chinensis, A. deliciosa in A. arguta, iz katerih izhajajo današnje gojene sorte. Največje pridelovalke in izvoznice kivija so Kitajska, Italija, Nova Zelandija in Čile. Med glavnimi desetimi svetovnimi pridelovalkami in izvoznicami kivija je veliko evropskih držav, poleg Italije še Grčija, Francija, Španija, Portugalska, ... Slovenija z izjemo Primorske zaradi podnebnih razmer in lastnosti tal ni najbolj primerna za gojenje teh sadežev. Največji problemi pridelave kivija v Sloveniji so spomladanske in jesenske pozebe, močan veter ter pomanjkanje vode in neustrezna struktura tal na določenih območjih. Med možnimi območji za gojenje trenutno najbolj pomembne vrste A. deliciosa so poleg Primorske tudi najtoplejši predeli Štajerske, A. chinensis bi lahko pogojno gojili samo na Primorskem, medtem ko bi lahko A. arguta ob izbiri primernih leg gojili po celotni Sloveniji.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:sadjarstvo, aktinidija, kivi, Actinidia, A. chinensis, A. deliciosa, A. arguta, Slovenija
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
Publisher:[A. Medič]
UDC:634.6:582.688.4:631.526.32(497.4)(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:8785017 Link is opened in a new window
Views:618
Downloads:290
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The possibility of growing diferent actinidia (Actinidia spp.) in SLOVENIA and comparison of their pomological characteristics and fruit qualityY
Abstract:
Kiwifruit is one of the most popular fruits nowadays, mostly because of high vitamin concentrations such as vitamin E and vitamin C, and other useful elements such as carotenoids, flavonoids, minerals and others. Some data suggest that Actinidia genus contains more than 50 species and more than 100 subspecies. Nowadays we have three economically important species: A. deliciosa, A. chinensis and A. arguta from which we created most of our grown varieties. The biggest producers and exporters of kiwis in the world are China, New Zealand, Chile and Italy and in the top ten we can find quite a few European countries as well such as Italy, France, Greece, Spain and Portugal. Climate conditions and soil attributes in Slovenia are not the best for growing kiwi, with the exception of Primorska region. The biggest problems Slovenia is facing in growing kiwi are spring and fall frosts, strong winds, and in some regions water shortage combined with insufficient soil type and structure. Possible regions for growing the most important species of kiwi A. deliciosa are Primorska and the warmest parts of Štajerska. A. chinensis could possibly be grown only in Primorska region, meanwhile A. arguta could be grown in the best regions across the country.

Keywords:Actinidia, A. chinensis, A. deliciosa, A. arguta, kiwi, pomology, Slovenia

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