The area of intellectual property is extensive, complex and very difficult to manage. Protection of intellectual property is in the interest of every right holder on the other hand market protection from counterfeit and pirated goods is one of fundamental tasks in the public interest. Area of counterfeit and pirated goods is one of the most profitable areas of organized crime with unmanageable global dimensions. During import procedure is running strict control over the potential controversial goods. At this place customer officers have very important role, because they have first contact with potentially disputed goods.
In the first part of master’s thesis are used the method of description and compilation which describe the facts and summarize the views of other authors. The analytical part includes quantitative method of the interview and statistics method, through which the survey of reports was carried out both at national and international level.
Work reveals extensive intellectual property area, perceived violations, seized number of objects, both at national and EU level. The focus is on import customs procedures where goods are imported into the Community. It shows the reasons for protecting intellectual property and the positive effects that protection can bring.
The master's thesis is primarily to familiarize the extent of the problem of counterfeiting and the disclosure of the negative effects that arise in the production of counterfeits and buying them. Presented are the segments that we need to pay attention to when we decide on online purchases, especially at the international level.
The key findings show that the procedures for the protection of intellectual property arising from the suspicion of the customs authority in the import procedures are uniform for the whole Community. All EU countries perceive the most problems with import goods from China, from which the most fake goods came from. Every perceived infringement of intellectual property, doesn't mean actual destruction of goods, there are exceptions. Both European and national legislation provide that the costs of destruction are borne by the right holder.