Introduction: Prevention and control of healthcare-associated infections is one of the most important indicators of the quality in healthcare institutions and their employees. For this purpose, the experts in this field of work are trying hard to find improvements and one of them is nudging. Purpose: Purpose of this case study is to present the importance of providing hand hygien quality of helth workers and nudging. We also tried one of the nudging approach in this particular study. Methods: In this diploma work we used descriptive and empirical methods of work. For data collection, we have made the observation form on which we evaluated the healthcare providers in retirement homes. On the basis of data analysis we tested in practice picture of male eye as hygiene promotion and how it affects the change in hygien compliance of the healtcare providers. Then we made the same observation with the observation form. This was followed by another analysis and comparing of the results. We processed statistical data with Excel. We calculated the frequencies and proportions according to the formula of the basic consistency in implementation of hand hygiene. Results: With the first part of the observation, we found out that employees do not follow hand hygiene compliance in the whole process of personal hygiene. After a change in environment, the hand hygiene improved. The most: prior to the preparation of devices for personal hygiene, before the procedure, after washing the patient's face, body, back and hands, after washing the feet, and after the whole procedure was completed. On the other hand, after using gloves stained with blood, sectretions and saliva and after washing ano-genital area, where the hand hygien was already good in the first observation, there was no difference. Discussion and Conclusion: With the use of behavioural theories we can achieve better hand hygiene compliance. The results show that nudging can promote hygiene behaviour of employees in retirement homes. We can conclude that nudging may help us prevent and control healthcare associated infections and provide a higher quality of life for residents and consequentialy improve the quality of health care.