izpis_h1_title_alt

Vloga prehrane pri sindromu policističnih jajčnikov
Galun, Kaja (Avtor), Pandel Mikuš, Ruža (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

.pdfPDF - Predstavitvena datoteka, prenos (924,49 KB)
MD5: C139837CE1B2BF5ABB744D0B4862A104

Izvleček
Uvod: Sindrom policističnih jajčnikov je eno izmed najpogostejših bolezenskih stanj, ki prizadene ženske v vseh življenjskih obdobjih in ki se po navadi pojavi v puberteti. Simptomi in znaki bolezni so povezani s presežkom androgenih hormonov. Inzulinska rezistenca je glavni krivec za prekomerno izločanje moških hormonov, ki posledično povzročajo bolezenske simptome. Poleg zdravil je glavni način za nadzorovanje in vodenje bolezni sprememba življenjskega sloga s pomočjo diete in telesne aktivnosti. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je raziskati, kako način prehranjevanja vpliva na simptome sindroma, in ugotoviti, katera hrana pozitivno vpliva na bolezen in s katerimi prehranskimi dopolnili lahko izboljšamo bolezensko stanje. Metode dela: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna metoda dela z zbiranjem, analizo in s kritično presojo tuje in slovenske literature v izvirnih in preglednih znanstvenih člankih. Literaturo smo iskali s pomočjo podatkovnih baz, kot so: Medline (Pubmed), CINAHL, DiKul in COBIB.SI. Razprava in sklep: Sindrom policističnih jajčnikov zahteva spremembo življenjskega sloga. Hrana z nizkim glikemičnim indeksom in nizko glikemično obremenitvijo pomaga pri obvladovanju inzulinske rezistence in posledično pri nadzorovanju simptomov sindroma. Prehranska dopolnila, kot so nenasičene maščobne kisline omega 3, vitamin D, krom in inositol, prav tako bistveno pripomorejo k odpravljanju simptomov prekomerne poraščenosti, aken, debelosti, povišanih vrednosti holesterola v krvi in drugo. Najučinkovitejše zdravljenje sindroma pa vključuje kombinacijo diete in telesne aktivnosti, ki prinese najhitrejše in dolgotrajne rezultate. Sindrom policističnih jajčnikov vpliva tudi na kakovost življenja žensk, zato je pomembna vloga medicinske sestre, ki skrbi za informiranost in ozaveščenost žensk o sindromu in njegovih simptomih ter zdravljenju. Eden izmed načinov pomoči so tudi podporne skupine, v katerih ženske dobivajo aktualne informacije o zdravljenju ter podporo strokovnjakov in udeleženk za lažje življenje s to kronično boleznijo.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:sindrom policističnih jajčnikov, dieta, inzulinska rezistenca, hiperandrogenizem, debelost, telesna aktivnost
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Organizacija:ZF - Zdravstvena fakulteta
Leto izida:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5291371 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:2199
Število prenosov:1775
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
:
Objavi na:AddThis
AddThis uporablja piškotke, za katere potrebujemo vaše privoljenje.
Uredi privoljenje...

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:The impact of food in polycystic ovary syndrome
Izvleček:
Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the most common health disorders, which can affect female population of all age groups. Its onset usually occurs during the adolescence. The symptoms and signs of the disease relate mostly to the excess secretion of androgenic hormones, caused by insulin resistance. Symptoms of the disease are mainly caused by insulin resistance, which results in excess production of male hormones. In addition to medications, lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise are the most significant when it comes to controlling and managing of the disorder. Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to explore the impact of dietary habits on the symptoms of the syndrome and explore which food have a beneficial impact on the disease. Further more we want to discover which food supplements improve this medical condition. We also want to explain the role of physical activity on the symptoms of the syndrome. The overall focus however, is placed on dietary implications. Methods: Descriptive method of research was used including collecting, analysing, and critically reviewing foreign and slovenian literature such as scientific and review articles. Literature search was conducted through the following databases: Medline (Pubmed), CINAHL, DiKul and COBIB.SI. Discusion and conclusion: Polycystic ovary syndrome demands changes in lifestyle. Food with low glycemic index and low glycemic load helps to manage insulin resistance, and in turn helps with the management of the symptoms. Food supplements such as omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids, vitamin D, chromium and inositol also contribute greatly to reduction of symptoms such as excessive hair growth, acne, obesity, high values of cholesterol in blood etc. The most effective way of treatment however, consists of a combination of diet and physical activity, which results in rapid and sustainable long-term results. Polycystic ovary syndrome also has a significant impact on the quality of life of women, therefore the role of a nurse who contributes to the awareness of women about the disease and its treatment, is of utmost importance. In addition, support groups can be a useful manner of treatment for women who seek help and wish to gather current information from professionals and other participants, which can help them significantly to cope with the disease.

Ključne besede:polycystic ovary syndrome, diet, insulin resistance, hyperandrogenism, obesity, physical activity

Podobna dela

Podobna dela v RUL:
Podobna dela v drugih slovenskih zbirkah:

Komentarji

Dodaj komentar

Za komentiranje se morate prijaviti.

Komentarji (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
Ni komentarjev!

Nazaj