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Aerobna vzdržljivost otrok od 2. do 5. razreda osnovne šole : magistrsko delo
Klemenčič, Eva (Avtor), Štemberger, Vesna (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

URLURL - Predstavitvena datoteka, za dostop obiščite http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/4482/ Novo okno

Izvleček
V magistrskem delu smo raziskovali eno najpomembnejših področij športa v osnovni šoli, to je aerobna vzdržljivost. Zaradi današnjega sedečega načina življenja so otroci vse manj vzdržljivi, kar s seboj prinaša več možnosti za srčno-žilne bolezni, dobra aerobna vzdržljivost pa je ključna za ohranjanje zdravja. Poleg tega ta funkcionalna sposobnost povečuje koncentracijo in omogoča posamezniku dlje časa opravljati delo ter lajša stres, s katerim se danes srečujejo že tudi otroci. Če učitelj želi uspešno razvijati vzdržljivost otrok, mora poznati njene značilnosti in metode za razvijanje le-te. V teoretičnem delu smo zato raziskali področje vzdržljivosti, aerobne vzdržljivosti in zapisali, kaj vpliva na vzdržljivost. Predstavili smo metode za razvijanje vzdržljivosti in se osredinili na učni načrt za športno vzgojo, da bi ugotovili, kako je v njem zastopana aerobna vzdržljivost. Predstavili in opisali smo športe, dodatne vsebine in motivacijske postopke, ki so ključni za uspešno razvijanje aerobnih sposobnosti otrok od 2. do 5. razreda osnovne šole. Cilj magistrskega dela je bil ugotoviti ali starost, spol in indeks telesne mase vplivajo na aerobne sposobnosti učencev ter na podlagi teorije in dobljenih rezultatov podati predloge za razvijanje vzdržljivosti. Vpliv starosti, spola in indeksa telesne mase na aerobne sposobnosti smo ugotavljali s pomočjo vrednosti, ki kaže največjo količino kisika, ki jo je posameznik sposoben porabiti med vadbo in je najboljši pokazatelj aerobnih sposobnosti posameznika. To vrednost označimo s kratico VO2max. Izvedli smo testiranje z Beep testom, ki je zanesljiv in veljaven test za izračun VO2max tudi na populaciji 206 otrok, starih od 7 do 10 let, ki so bili zajeti v naš vzorec. Raziskava je pokazala, da spol in indeks telesne mase vplivata na VO2max, starost pa ne. Na podlagi ugotovitev raziskave in dobljenih rezultatov smo pripravili lestvico vrednosti za določitev stopnje aerobnih sposobnosti, da bi ugotovili, koliko otrok v našem vzorcu ima glede na vrednost VO2max zelo slabe ali slabe aerobne sposobnosti. Takšne raziskave na vzorcu mlajših otrok v Sloveniji nismo našli, zato rezultatov nismo mogli primerjati, za naš vzorec pa smo ugotovili, da ima kar 35 % testirancev zelo slabe ali slabe aerobne sposobnosti. V razpravi smo nato predstavili prednosti takšnega testiranja za ugotavljanje aerobnih sposobnosti otrok od 2. do 5. razreda in na podlagi teorije in rezultatov podali smernice za razvijanje aerobnih sposobnosti otrok. Učni načrt za športno vzgojo daje kar nekaj možnosti za vključevanje športov, s katerimi razvijamo aerobne sposobnosti, vendar je v veliki meri odvisno od tega, ali jih učitelj vključi, ali ima pogoje za vključevanje teh športov in ali organizira takšne dejavnosti na način, da se aerobna vzdržljivost otrok res izboljšuje. Slednje lahko uresniči z oblikovanjem homogenih skupin, primerno izbiro športa in zagotavljanjem ustrezne obremenitve med vadbo.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:vzdržljivost, Beep test, VO2max, otroci od 7. do 10. leta
Vrsta gradiva:Magistrsko delo/naloga (mb22)
Tipologija:2.09 - Magistrsko delo
Organizacija:PEF - Pedagoška fakulteta
Leto izida:2017
Založnik:[E. Klemenčič]
Št. strani:57 str.
UDK:796.015.57(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:11573577 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:353
Število prenosov:70
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Aerobic endurance of primary school students from 2nd to 5th grade
Izvleček:
This master's thesis explores one of the more prominent aspects of sports in elementary schools – aerobic endurance. Due to the sedentary nature of today’s lifestyle, children are becoming less and less endurable, which brings about an increased possibility of cardiovascular illnesses. Aerobic endurance is key for maintaining health. This functional capability also increases concentration, thus enabling an individual to stay concentrated for a longer period of time, as well as decreases stress, which is present even in the everyday lives of children. If teachers wish to develop endurance in children, they need to be familiar with its characteristics and the techniques of its development. The theoretical part of the thesis researches the field of endurance, aerobic endurance, and explores the main factors, which influence endurance. It presents methods of developing endurance and focuses on physical education curriculum in order to establish how it deals with aerobic endurance. The theoretical part also demonstrates and describes physical activities, additional elements and motivational procedures, which are important for a successful development of aerobic abilities in children attending second through fifth grades of elementary school. The aim of this master's thesis is to determine if age, gender and body mass index influences the aerobic abilities of children. Based on the theoretical aspects of this topic and the results of the practical part of the thesis, the aim of the thesis is to offer suggestions on how to develop endurance. The influence of age, gender and body mass index on aerobic abilities was determined with the help of a numerical value, which shows the maximum amount of oxygen an individual is capable of using during exercise and serves as the best indicator of an individual’s aerobic capabilities. This value is marked with an abbreviation Vo2max. For the purposes of this thesis, a Beep test was performed on a sample of 206 children, aged between seven and ten years old. A Beep test is a reliable and valid test for a VO2max calculation. The research showed that gender and body mass index influence the VO2max values, whereas age does not. Based on the ascertainment of the research and the received results, the determining values of aerobic capabilities were arranged on a scale to determine how many children have poor or very poor capabilities, according to their VO2max values. Such a research has not been carried out in a sample of young Slovenian children, which is why the results of this thesis could not be compared against any existing data. For the sample collected for this thesis, it was observed that 35% of the children have poor or very poor aerobic capabilities. The Discussion chapter presents the advantages of testing children for the purposes of determining aerobic capabilities in children from second to fifth grade and offers some pointers for developing aerobic capabilities of children. The physical education curriculum includes some possibilities of incorporating sports activities, which help develop aerobic capabilities; however, it is, for the most part, up to the teachers whether or not they wish to use them, whether or not they have the needed requirements to carry them out and the way in which these activities are organised in order to fulfil their intended goal. The latter can be achieved by forming homogeneous groups, selecting an appropriate sports activity and ensuring a proper amount of strain during exercise.

Ključne besede:child, sport, otrok, šport

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