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Retencijski aparati
Hrastnik, Žana (Author), Ovsenik, Maja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Da bi zobje in zobni lok ostali na novem, z ortodontskim zdravljenjem ustvarjenem položaju, se uporabljajo retencijski aparati. Ti aparati se nosijo do polnega morfološkega in funkcionalnega preoblikovanja zobnega sistema, skeleta obraza in žvečne ter mimične strukture (Vidović, 1982). Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je predstavitev obstoječih retencijskih aparatov, opis postopka izdelave ter izračun cene in časa dela, potrebnega za izdelavo nekaterih izbranih retencijskih aparatov, ki so bili izdelani za diplomsko delo. Poleg tega je namen tudi preveriti število in vrsto načrtovanih retencijskih aparatov pri pacientih, ki so v letu 2013 zaključili zdravljenje v ortodontskem zavodu Orthos v Ljubljani. Metode dela: Uporabljene metode dela so bile pregled tako domače kot tudi tuje strokovne literature iz člankov in knjig s področja čeljustne in zobne ortopedije, izvedba praktičnega dela v zobnem laboratoriju ter pregled statistike načrtovanih retencijskih aparatov v Zdravstvenem zavodu Orthos za leto 2013. Rezultati: V diplomskem delu je predstavljena izdelava žičnega retenerja, bukalnega žičnega retenerja, retencijske plošče, držalca prostora, plošče po Zagrebu ter Fränkla tip III. Po navodilu Zavoda za zdravstveno zavarovanje Slovenije sta bila izračunana čas in cena izdelave izbranih retencijskih aparatov. V statistiko načrtovanih retencijskih aparatov je bilo vključenih 123 pacientov, ki so v letu 2013 zaključili ortodontsko zdravljenje, od tega 65 deklic in 58 dečkov. Ugotovljeno je bilo, da je bila po prenehanju ortodontskega zdravljenja retencija uporabljena pri vseh pacientih. Razprava in sklep: Rezultati so pokazali, da se kot najpogostejša retencija po snetju ortodontskega aparata uporablja zgornja retencijska plošča v kombinaciji z zgornjim in spodnjim žičnim retenerjem. Najkrajši čas izdelave ima žični retener, najdaljši pa Fränkel tip III.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:ortodontija, retencija, retencijski aparat, ortodontski aparat
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5280875 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:656
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Retention appliances
Abstract:
Introduction: In order to keep teeth and dental arch on a new, with orthodontic treatment created position, we must apply retention appliances. These appliances must be used throughout the full morphological and functional transformation of the dental system, facial skeleton, chewing muscles and mimic structure (Vidović, 1982). Aim: The aim of the diploma work was the presentation of current retention appliances, a description of the manufacturing process and the calculation of prices and labor time needed to make some of the selected retention devices that were designed for the study. The aim of the diploma work is also to verify the number and nature of planned retention appliances for patients who completed orthodontic treatment in the Health Center Orthos in Ljubljana in the year 2013. Methods: The methods that we used in the diploma work were the review of both domestic and foreign professional literature of articles and books of the jaw and dental orthopedics, implementation of practical work in the dental laboratory and statistical overview of planned retention devices in the Health Center Orthos for 2013. Results: This diploma work presents the production of wire retainer, buccal wire retainer, retention plate, space maintainer, retention plate by Zagreb and Fränkel type III. Following the instructions of the Health Insurance Institute of Slovenia we calculated the time and cost of producing selected retention appliances. The statistics of planned retention appliances in the Health Center Orthos included 123 patients who had completed orthodontic treatment in 2013, counting 65 girls and 58 boys. It was found that after the termination of the orthodontic treatment retention was applied to all patients. Discussion and conclusion: The results showed that the most common retention after removing the orthodontic appliance is the upper retention plate in combination with the upper and lower wire retainer. Wire retainer had the shortest manufacturing time, while the Fränkel type III had the longest.

Keywords:orthodontics, retention, retention appliance, orthodontic braces

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