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Primerjava kakovosti trikotnih rut različnih kompletov za prvo pomoč : poročilo o raziskavi
Kukec, Patricija (Avtor), Slabe, Damjan (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu, Dolenc, Eva (Komentor)

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Izvleček
Uvod: Definicija prve pomoči poudarja, da si dajalec prve pomoči pomaga z enostavnimi pripomočki in improvizacijo. Danes imamo na razpolago številne komplete in omarice prve pomoči, ki dajalcu olajšajo oskrbo poškodovanih ali nenadno obolelih. Vsebina nekaterih kompletov prve pomoči je predpisana in obsega razne pripomočke za obvezovanje in imobilizacijo, med njimi tudi trikotno ruto. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je bil ugotoviti razlike v kakovosti trikotnih rut različnih proizvajalcev in materialov. Cilj je bil ugotoviti, katera trikotna ruta je po izdelavi najbolj čvrsta, in opozoriti na pomen zadostne kakovosti trikotne rute za samo uporabo v prvi pomoči. Metoda dela: Uporabljena je bila metoda merjenja pretržne sile na dinamometru. Meritve so se izvajale na Naravoslovnotehniški fakulteti Univerze v Ljubljani. Testiranih je bilo 15 trikotnih rut. Vsako trikotno ruto (preizkušanec) smo dvakrat narezali prečno in dvakrat vzdolžno. Uporabljen je bil tudi pregled literature. Rezultati: Ugotovljeno je bilo, da je pretržna sila trikotnih rut odvisna od načina tkanja, gostote tkanja in materiala. Širje preizkušanci so bili občutno boljši od vseh ostalih. Izkazalo se je, da so iz enakega materiala, imajo enak način tkanja in podobno gostoto tkanja. Najmanj trdne so trikotne rute, izdelane iz koprene, ki se uporabljajo zadnjih nekaj let. Razprava in zaključek: Smiselno bi bilo razmisliti o sami izdelavi in materialu trikotnih rut, na kar bi moral biti pozoren zakonodajalec, saj je v Pravilniku o delih in opremi vozil določeno, da mora biti embalaža kompleta prve pomoči vodoodporna, odporna na poškodbe in nečistočo. Določena je tudi vsebina kompleta prve pomoči, ni pa določena minimalna kakovost. Sprejemljive so samo trikotne rute, ki dosežejo določen standard, kar bi moral zakonodajalec predpisati. Tako bi izdelovalci začeli proizvajati bolj kakovostne trikotne rute in do pretrga ne bi prišlo. Opozoriti je treba tudi dajalce prve pomoči, da niso vse trikotne rute enake kakovosti, saj smo prišli do zaključka, da nekatere trikotne rute prenesejo zelo malo sile, preden se pretrgajo.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:trikotna ruta, prva pomoč, imobilizacija
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Organizacija:ZF - Zdravstvena fakulteta
Leto izida:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5256299 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:90
Število prenosov:33
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Comparison of different quality triangular bandage for first-aid kit : research report
Izvleček:
Introduction: The definition of the first aid emphasizes that the first aid provider helps with simple gadgets and improvisation. Nowadays there are numerous first aid kits and boxes available that facilitate the emergency care of injured and suddenly sick persons. The content of some first aid kits is predefined and comprises of different bandaging and immobilization remedies including the triangular kerchief. Purpose: The purpose of the thesis was to identify differences in quality of triangular bandages from different manufacturers and materials. My aim was to find out what bandage is the most firm by production and to point out the importance of the quality of the bandage when giving the first treatment. Methods: There was the method of measuring of tearing strength on dynamometer used. Measurements were carried out on Natural Sciences and Engineering Faculty in Ljubljana. There were 15 triangular bandages tested. We have cut every bandage (sample) two times transversally and two times longitudinally. The review of literature has also been done. Results: It was discovered that the tearing force of triangular bandages depends on type of weave, density of weave and material. Four of the samples were significantly better than all the others. It was find out that these four are made of the same material and they have the same type and density of weaving. The least strong are bandages made of veil that has been used in the recent years. Discussion and conclusion: It would be reasonable to consider manufacturing and materials of triangular bandages. Also the legislator shall pay attention to it, namely the Rule on parts and equipment of vehicles determines that packaging of first aid kit has to be waterproof, damage- and impurity- resistant. There is also the content of the first aid kit predefined but not its minimal quality. It should be required by the legislator that the only acceptable are triangular bandages that reach the appropriate quality level. This would force the manufacturers to produce bandages of higher quality and they wouldn’t break so easily. Also the givers of first treatment shall be aware of the fact that all the triangular bandages are not of the same quality, because it was found out that some of them can withstand very little force before they tear apart.

Ključne besede:triangular bandage, first aid, immobilization

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