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Doživljanje žensk pri neželeni prekinitvi nosečnosti z zdravili v prvem trimesečju : pregled literature
Vrankar, Jerneja (Author), Bizjak, Martina (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Težko je izgubiti nekaj, kar pričakuješ in si želiš. Izguba želene nosečnosti za žensko in njenega partnerja ni samo izguba otroka, temveč je hkrati izguba dela sebe, vloge starša, dobre samopodobe, načrtov za prihodnost in močno vpliva na čustveno povezanost partnerjev. Prekinitev nosečnosti z zdravili je najpogosteje uporabljena in učinkovita metoda, pri kateri ima velik pomen in vlogo medicinska sestra. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je opisati doživljanje žensk pri neželeni umetni prekinitvi nosečnosti z zdravili v prvem trimesečju ter opisati vlogo medicinske sestre. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu je uporabljena deskriptivna metoda dela, teoretično-analitičen pregled izvirnih in preglednih znanstvenih člankov, domače in tuje literature. V analizo člankov je zajeto enajstletno časovno obdobje od leta 2006 do leta 2017. Razprava in sklep: Ženske, običajno v prvem trimesečju, bližnjim zamolčijo nosečnost, ker je v tem obdobju največ možnosti za spontani splav. Posledično po izgubi želene nosečnosti ne dobijo dovolj potrebne podpore bližnjih in v sebi tiho trpijo. Umetna prekinitev nosečnosti, čeprav neželena, je še vedno stigma v naši družbi. Najpogosteje se nosečnost prekine z zdravili, ki dokazano na ženskah pusti manj zdravstvenih in psiholoških posledic, kot prekinitev s kirurškim načinom. Izguba želene nosečnosti ženske močno prizadene, ker doživijo strah, stres, nemoč, žalujejo in celo zapadejo v depresijo. Moški in ženska žalujeta vsak na svoj način, kar pa lahko privede do težav v njunem odnosu, zato se mora v proces umetne prekinitve nosečnosti vključiti tudi partnerja, saj pozitivno vpliva na okrevanje ženske. Medicinska sestra lahko pripomore k boljšemu psihološkemu počutju ženske, če ji nameni pozornost, sočutnost, jo informira in razume, da vsak starš žaluje na svoj način.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:nosečnost, umetna prekinitev nosečnosti, prvo trimesečje, vloga medicinske sestre, doživljanje žensk
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5261931 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:461
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Woman experience with unwanted medical abortion in first trimester : literature review
Abstract:
Introduction: It is hard to loose something you are expecting and wanting. To loose a wanted pregnancy for a woman and her partner isn't just loosing a baby, but also loosing a part of yourself, the role of parents, good self-image, plans for the future and it affects strongly on their emotional connection. Termination of pregnancy with medications is the most used and the most effective method, in which a nurse has a big role and meaning. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to describe women’s experience with unwanted artificial pregnancy termination with medications in the first trimester and to research the part and the meaning of nurses. Methods: In the thesis is used a descriptive method, theoretical-analytic review of scientific articles of domestic and foreign literature. In the analysis of articles is an eleven-year time period from the 2006 to 2017. Discussion and conclusion: Women, ordinarily in the first trimester, do not tell those closest to them about being pregnant, because in this period there is the greatest potential for miscarriage. Consequently they do not get enough needed support from close ones and they suffer silently. Artificial pregnancy termination, although unwanted, is still a stigma in our society. It is most common to terminate pregnancy with medicine, which is proven to leave less health and psychologic consequences on women, then surgical termination. Loss of pregnancy greatly affects women, they mourn, experience fear, helplessness, and they can fall into depression. A man and a woman mourn each in their own way, which can lead to troubles in their relationship that is why the partner must also be included in the process of artificial pregnancy termination, because he can positively affect a woman’s recovery. A nurse can do a lot for a woman’s psychological well-being, if she gives her enough attention, compassion, informs her and if she understands that every parent mourns in his own way.

Keywords:pregnancy, abortion, first trimester, nurse care, woman experience

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