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Načini merjenja časa nošenja spinalnih ortoz : pregled literature
Havoli, Ajka (Author), Horvat, Josip (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Konservativno zdravljenje skolioz zahteva upoštevanje predpisanega časa nošenja korekcijske ortoze. Za nadzor upoštevanja časa nošenja ortoze se uporabljajo objektivne in subjektivne metode. Med objektivne štejemo razne senzorje in naprave, ki s pomočjo zaznavanja temperature ali pritiskov beležijo čas nošenja korekcijske ortoze. Subjektivne metode vključujejo vprašalnike o času nošenja ortoze in počutju med tem, na katera odgovarja pacient sam ali s pomočjo staršev oziroma skrbnikov. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je predstaviti objektivne in subjektivne metode merjenja časa nošenja spinalnih ortoz. Opisati in predstaviti želimo najbolj uporabljene vprašalnike, senzorje in naprave, ki se uporabljajo pri merjenju časa nošenja korekcijskih spinalnih ortoz. Metoda dela: Pri izdelavi diplomskega dela smo uporabili deskriptivne ali opisne metode dela. Uporabili smo pisne in elektronske vire, ki so zajemali področje objektivnih in subjektivnih metod merjenja časa nošenja korekcijskih spinalnih ortoz. Vključili smo naslednje strokovne baze podatkov: PubMed, Google Učenjak, ProQuest, Science Direct, Medline, BioMed Central. V diplomskem delu smo uporabili literaturo izdano v časovnem razponu od leta 1986 do leta 2016 v angleškem, slovenskem in nemškem jeziku. Rezultati: Objektivne metode merjenja časa nošenja korekcijskih ortoz veljajo za bolj zanesljive kot subjektivne. Rezultati, ki jih podajo naprave in senzorji so preverljivi med tem ko s subjektivnimi metodami dobimo podatke s strani pacienta, katere ne moremo preveriti in tako niso stoodstotno zanesljive. Razprava in sklep: Mladostniki so med nošenjem korekcijske ortoze pod stresom zaradi same ortoze kot tudi zaradi izgleda hrbtenice in nesprejetosti med vrstniki. Zaradi vseh teh dejavnikov zavračajo nošenje korekcijske ortoze kar pa pripelje do neučinkovitega zdravljenja skolioze. Da bi imeli nadzor nad časom nošenja ortoze se poslužujemo objektivnih in subjektivnih načinov merjenja časa. Subjektivne metode so manj zanesljive, saj pacienti ne podajo pravilnih podatkov o nošenju ortoze, zato se bolj uporabljajo objektivne metode ali pa kombinacija objektivnih in subjektivnih. Podatke, ki nam jih poda senzor ali naprava lahko preverimo, jih zbiramo ter analiziramo in s pomočjo teh podatkov izboljšamo zdravljenje skolioze.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:merjenje časa, spinalne korekcijse ortoze, adolescentna skolioza, senzorji, vprašalniki, objektivne metode, subjektivne metode
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5219947 Link is opened in a new window
Views:902
Downloads:380
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Methods for measuring spinal orthoses wearing time : literature review
Abstract:
Introduction: The conservative treatment of scoliosis requires compliance with the prescribed wearing time of the corrective orthoses. For supervising compliance with the wearing time of the orthotics we use objective and subjective methods. Among the objective we consider various sensors in the device that with the help of sensing temperature or pressure record wearing time of corrective orthoses. Subjective methods include questionnaires on wearing time of the orthosis being in between, on which the patient answers himself or with the help of parents or guardians. Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to present an objective and subjective methods of measuring wearing time of the spinal orthoses. We want to describe and demonstrate the most used questionnaires, sensors and devices used in the measurement of wearing time of the correction of spinal orthoses. Methods: When making the thesis, we used descriptive or descriptive methods. We used the written and electronic resources, covering area of objective and subjective methods of measuring wearing time of the corrective spinal orthoses. We have included the following professional databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, ProQuest, Science Direct, Medline, BioMed Central. In this thesis, we used literature issued in the timeframe from 1986 to 2016 in English, Slovenian and German. Results: Objective methods of measuring while wearing corrective orthoses are considered more reliable than subjective. The results, which are made by devices and sensors are verifiable, while the subjective methods obtain information from the patient, which can not be verified and are not one hundred percent reliable. Discussion and conclusion: Adolescents are under stress while wearing corrective orthoses due to the orthoses as well as by the appearance of the spine and rejections among peers. Due to all these factors, they refuse to wear corrective orthoses which could lead to ineffective treatment of scoliosis. In order to have control over the wearing of orthoses we use objective and subjective methods of measuring time. Subjective methods are less reliable because patients do not give accurate data on the wearing of orthoses, so we use more of objective methods or a combination of objective and subjective. The information provided to us across the sensor or device can be checked, collected and analysed, and with using the information we can improve the treatment of scoliosis.

Keywords:timing, spinal corrective orthoses, adolescent scoliosis, sensors, questionnaires, objective methods, subjective methods

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