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Gibalne aktivnosti za mladostnike v bolnišnični šoli : magistrsko delo
Božič, Barbara (Author), Filipčič, Tjaša (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/4134/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Dolgotrajna bolezen je za vsakega mladostnika težka preizkušnja zlasti takrat, ko mu onemogoča gibanje zunaj bolniške postelje. V okviru bolnišnične šole izvajamo prilagojeno gibalno aktivnost, pri kateri lahko mladostnik v bolniški postelji obvladuje svoje telo, izoblikuje gibalne vzorce glede na svoje potrebe in zdravstvene omejitve ter s tem doživlja gibalni uspeh. Na ta način lažje premaguje čustvene stiske in razvija pozitivno samopodobo. V teoretičnem delu magistrskega dela smo izpostavili pomen gibanja za izboljšanje zdravstvenega stanja ter psihofizičnega počutja dolgotrajno bolnih mladostnikov v času hospitalizacije. Predstavili smo najnovejše raziskave, ki potrjujejo ugodne vplive gibalnih aktivnosti na proces zdravljenja. S pomočjo slovenske in tuje literature smo oblikovali nabor prilagojenih gibalnih aktivnosti, ki se lahko izvajajo v bolniški postelji. Za namen raziskave smo uporabnost gibalnih aktivnosti praktično preverili na bolnišničnem športnem dnevu Pediatrične klinike v Ljubljani. Vključene dolgotrajno bolne mladostnike in bolnišnične učitelje smo povprašali o zahtevnosti in zanimivosti zbranih gibalnih aktivnostih ter vplivu gibalnih iger na počutje učencev. Rezultati so pokazali, da so bili dolgotrajno bolni mladostniki in bolnišnični učitelji zadovoljni z izbranimi gibalnimi aktivnostmi. Strinjajo se, da gibalna aktivnost pozitivno vpliva na počutje in zdravstveno stanje dolgotrajno bolnih mladostnikov. Motivacija za izvajanje gibalnih aktivnosti je pri mlajših učencih višja kot pri mladostnikih. Pri slednjih je zato ključno timsko načrtovanje prilagojene gibalne aktivnosti in upoštevanje individualnih želja in potreb. Na podlagi pridobljenih odgovorov smo oblikovali smernice za uspešno uporabo gibalnih aktivnosti v bolnišničnih šolskih oddelkih. Bolnišnične učitelje smo strokovno izobrazili o pomenu gibalne aktivnosti in spodbudili k pogostejšemu vključevanju gibanja v delo z dolgotrajno bolnimi mladostniki. S tem smo naredili pomemben korak naprej na športno-gibalnem področju bolnišničnih šol.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:gibalna aktivnost, gibalna oviranost, dolgotrajno bolni mladostniki, gibalno ovirani mladostniki
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2016
Publisher:[B. Božič]
Number of pages:VIII, 149 str.
UDC:376:796(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:11328073 Link is opened in a new window
Views:354
Downloads:104
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Physical activities for adolescents in hospital school
Abstract:
Long-term illness is a difficult challenge for any adolescent, particularly when it limits movement to the hospital bed. Adapted physical activities are performed within hospital schools where young patients can master their bodies, form physical activity patterns with respect to their needs and health limitations, and thus achieve physical success. This way, it is easier for them to overcome emotional hardships and develop a positive self-image. The theoretical part of the master’s thesis highlights the importance of physical activities for improving the health condition and the psychophysical well-being of young patients during long-term hospitalisation. Furthermore, it presents the newest research confirming the positive effects of physical activities on the process of recovery. Using Slovenian and foreign literature, a set of adapted physical activities for the hospital bed was prepared. The usefulness of the selected physical activities was tested at a hospital sports day of the Ljubljana Children’s Clinic. The young patients in long-term hospitalisation and their hospital teachers who were involved in the research were asked how difficult and interesting the physical activities were and how they affected the well-being of the patients. The results show that the young long-term patients and hospital teachers were happy with the selected physical activities. They agree that physical activity has a positive impact on the well-being and the health condition of young long-term patients. Motivation for physical activities is higher with younger pupils than adolescents. For the latter, it is therefore crucial to plan the adapted physical activities together and to consider the individual’s wishes and needs. Based on the answers obtained in the research, guidelines were prepared for successfully performing physical activities in hospital school. Hospital teachers were educated about the importance of physical activities and encouraged to include them in their work with young patients more often. Thus, an important step forward has been made in the field of sports and physical activities in hospital schools.

Keywords:hospital teaching, motion, bolnišnična šola, gibanje

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