The alpine dairy farming settlements or alpine dairy farms represent an important part of the settlement structure characteristic mainly for Slovenian mountains. With their archaic image the alpine dairy farms offer an insight into the distant past and are as such an important source of information about the first settlements on our territory. In the past years a number of alpine dairy farms has undergone a transformation into permanent settlements or holiday resorts, some are even falling apart and are therefore losing their historical value. Using the examples of 15 alpine dairy farming settlements from Julian and Kamnik Alps this dissertation analyses the major factors that have impacted the choice of location for the farming settlements, their spatial arrangement, the building typology, the arrangement of accesses and connections inside each settlement, and their connections with pastures. By analysing each settlement, the dissertation researches to what degree the arrangement of the alpine dairy farming settlements has been impacted not only by natural resources and ecological factors but also by social factors; it also tries to define the boundaries between the functionality and the planned forming of such settlements. Using the data acquired with the analyses and the research of local literature and current legislation the dissertation also presents suggestions for further regulations of alpine dairy farms.