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Socialna integracija v različnih šolskih programih
Maček, Tina (Avtor), Jerman, Janez (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

URLURL - Predstavitvena datoteka, za dostop obiščite http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/3569/ Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Izvleček
V diplomskem delu smo želeli raziskati odnos do šole in socialno integracijo učencev. V uvodnem delu smo tako predstavili osebe s posebnimi potrebami in slovensko zakonodajo, ki ureja to področje. Predstavili smo tudi integracijo in inkluzijo ter konceptualne razlike med njima. Našteli smo pogoje in ovire za vpeljavo inkluzije v šolski prostor. Posebej smo se dotaknili socialne integracije, ki je bistven cilj inkluzivno naravnane šole. V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 131 učencev 1. in 3. triade treh različnih šolskih programov, in sicer so bili vključeni učenci redne OŠ, učenci prilagojenega programa z nižjim izobrazbenim standardom ter učenci, ki imajo dodatno strokovno pomoč. Učenci so reševali vprašalnik, ki je vseboval različne trditve, povezane s šolo in sošolci. S pomočjo χ2- testa smo preverjali, ali obstajajo statistično pomembne razlike med spoloma, starostjo, šolskim programom in odnosom do šole oziroma socialno integracijo. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da učenci 1. triade raje hodijo v šolo, da spol ne vpliva na odnos do šole, ter da v 1. triadi šolski program vpliva na odnos do šole. Najboljši odnos do šole imajo učenci prilagojenega programa z NIS, najslabši odnos pa imajo učenci z DSP. Pri analizi socialne integracije smo ugotovili, da imajo učenci 3. triade malenkostno boljši odnos s svojimi sošolci. Prav tako imajo nekoliko boljši odnos do sošolcev učenci NIS programa v primerjavi z ostalimi učenci. Pri primerjavi socialne integracije z odnosom do šole pa smo ugotovili, da učenci, ki v večji meri mislijo, da so v razredu vsi prijatelji ter jih sošolci pogosteje povabijo v pogovor ali igro, raje hodijo v šolo in jim je v šoli všeč več stvari.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:socialna integracija
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo (m5)
Tipologija:2.11 - Diplomsko delo
Organizacija:PEF - Pedagoška fakulteta
Leto izida:2016
COBISS.SI-ID:11090505 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
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Število prenosov:105
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Social integration in different primary school programs
Izvleček:
In my graduation thesis, I wanted to research attitude toward school and social integration of pupils. In the introduction, I therefore presented persons with special needs and Slovenian legislation covering this field. I also presented integration and inclusion and their conceptual differences. I listed conditions and obstacles for introduction of inclusion to schools. I especially dealt with social integration which is an essential objective of inclusive oriented school. The research included 131 pupils of the first and third triad in three different school programmes: it included pupils from regular primary school, pupils from adapted programme with lower educational standard, and pupils with additional professional help. The pupils filled in a questionnaire containing various statements related to school and schoolmates. By using χ2 tests, I checked whether there are statistically important differences among genders, age, school programme, and relationship to school or social integration. The results of the research revealed that the pupils in the first triad prefer going to school, that gender does not influence attitude toward school, and that in the first triad the school programme does not affect the relationship to school. The best attitude toward school have pupils from adapted programme with lower educational standard, and the worse attitude have pupils with additional professional help. When analysing social integration, we established that pupils of the third triad have a little better relationship with their schoolmates. Also, compared to other pupils, pupils from adapted programme with lower educational standard have a little better relationship with schoolmates. When comparing social integration with attitude toward school, we established that students that to a greater extend believe that all pupils in a class are friends and that schoolmates more often invite them in conversation or play, prefer going to school and like more things.

Ključne besede:social integration

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