My thesis deals with the topic of video coding. I describe different video coding standards and processes of video compression, mainly focusing on the new H.265/HEVC coding standard and its predecessor H.264/AVC.
In the introduction, I present the basic techniques that are used in video compression and I also describe the process of still image compression, emphasizing on the most common of them – the JPEG standard.
I continue with the process of moving image compression and a description of its various standards: MPEG-1, MPEG-2, and MPEG-4.
I follow that up with a comparison of the most-used video coding standard today, H.264/AVC, to its successor, H.265/HEVC, first within a theoretical description of the both and then focusing on the coding tools that are used by both standards in the video coding process.
In the last chapter, I perform a test between H.264/AVC and H.265/HEVC, using the Hybrid and HandBrake program, both of them containing the x264 codec and the new x265 codec, in order to subjectively evaluate the quality of the new HEVC encoder.