The article documents and summarises events marking relations between the state and religious communities in Slovenia from 2008 to 2011. In so doing, it focuses on the perspective of the state. Chosen indicators of the quality of these relations include separate reviews of the actual position of religious communities, the actions and procedures of state institutions and amendments to the main legislation on religion. These materials enable us to distinguish two competing positions. Starting from socially and legally defined egalitarianism in socialist Yugoslavia, the position of exclusivism advocates a differentiation between particular religious communities and between all religious communities and all other social groups and practices. Its main goal is to define differences and special features that give rise to particular privileges. The position of inclusivism, on the contrary, places religious communities in line with other social groups and practices, but so as to protect their common characteristics, which are included in the human right of freedom of religion, belief and consciousness. Although the former position should be considered as traditional in Slovenia, the latter one is still dominant because its advocates managed to rewrite the main law on religion in 2007.