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Izkušnje učiteljev razrednega pouka s poučevanjem gospodinjstva : magistrsko delo
Banič, Metka (Author), Kostanjevec, Stojan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Valenčič Zuljan, Milena (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/id/eprint/2945 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Vloga učitelja v učnem procesu je ključnega pomena, saj načrtuje pouk, usmerja učenje učencev in pouk prilagaja njihovim zmožnostim. Z načrtovanjem in izvajanjem pouka vpliva na to, kaj in koliko se bodo učenci naučili ter kakšna bo njihova aktivnost pri pouku. Slovenska zakonodaja učiteljem razrednega pouka omogoča tudi poučevanje gospodinjstva v petem razredu. S tem magistrskim delom smo želeli izvedeti, kakšne so njihove izkušnje z načrtovanjem in poučevanjem tega predmeta. Zanimalo nas je, zakaj se učitelji odločajo za poučevanje gospodinjstva in kako usposobljene se čutijo za to. Ugotavljali smo, kako pogosto uporabljajo posamezne učne oblike, metode in pristope. Raziskali smo, pri katerih vsebinah opažajo primanjkljaj strokovnega znanja in na katerih področjih se želijo dodatno izobraziti. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 30 učiteljev razrednega pouka, ki v 5. razredu poučujejo tudi gospodinjstvo. Vzorec anketiranih oseb smo izbrali namensko, saj našim kriterijem izbire oseb ustreza le majhen delež vseh slovenskih razrednih učiteljev. Rezultati so pokazali, da so učitelji po njihovi presoji dobro usposobljeni za načrtovanje pouka gospodinjstva in da pri izvajanju pouka uporabljajo raznolike učne oblike, metode in pristope. Učitelji menijo, da so strokovno najbolj usposobljeni za poučevanje vsebin modula Hrana in prehrana, najmanj pa za poučevanje modula Tekstil in oblačenje. Menijo, da študij ni veliko prispeval k poznavanju vsebin predmeta gospodinjstvo, večjo vlogo pripisujejo splošni razgledanosti in osebnim interesom. Menimo, da je izobraževanje učiteljev razrednega pouka za poučevanje gospodinjstva nujno, in predlagamo, da se jim med študijem ponudijo izbirni predmeti, ki omogočajo pridobitev strokovnega znanja iz vsebin gospodinjstva in jih tako usposabljajo tudi za poučevanje gospodinjstva v 5. razredu.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:načrtovanje pouka, učne metode, učne oblike, poklicne izkušnje
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2015
Publisher:[M. Banič]
Number of pages:IX f., 104 str., [6] str. pril.
UDC:373.3.016:64(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:10646345 Link is opened in a new window
Views:571
Downloads:112
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Experiences of primary school teachers in home economics teaching
Abstract:
The role of the teacher in the education process is of crucial importance, as it includes lesson planning, guiding students through learning, and adapting lesson content to students’ abilities. By planning and conducting classes the teacher determines what and to what extent the students while learn and what their activity will be like during class. Slovenian legislation makes it possible for primary school teachers to teach home economics in 5th grade. This master’s thesis aimed to discover what their experience was in planning and conducting lessons for this subject. Of particular interest was why teachers decide to teach home economics and how qualified they feel for doing so. We found how often they use particular educational forms, methods, and approaches. Research including determining where expertise was lacking and what topics they would like to be more qualified in. The study included 30 primary school teachers who also teach home economics in 5th grade. The survey sample was chosen on purpose, as our selection criteria covers but a small portion of all Slovenian teachers. Results showed that, according to their assessment, teachers are well-qualified for planning courses in home economics and that in actually teaching them they use a wide range of forms, methods, and approaches. Teachers maintain that they are most qualified for teaching the unit on Food and Nutrition, while the least qualified for Clothing and Textiles. They also maintain that the study does not contribute greatly to actual learning about the subject of home economics, and that a greater role is played by open-mindedness and personal interest. It is our position that educating teachers for instruction in home economics is necessary and we recommend that they have this option as an elective during their studies, enabling them to gain expertise in home economics and qualifying them to teach it in 5th grade.

Keywords:home economics

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