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Rodovi lipicancev slovenske reje glede na haplotip mitohondrijske DNK
ID Kavar, Tatjana (Author), ID Habe, Franc (Author), ID Dovč, Peter (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:doc-LSC4CNL2 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Z analizo mitohondrijske DNK 53 lipicancev slovenske reje smo našli 17 različnih haplotipov mitohondrijske DNK. Deset haplotipov (Capriola, Allegra, Monteaura, Slavina, Batosta, Gratiosa, Wera, Betalka, Dubovina in Gaetana) je bilo značilnih za klasične lipicanske rodove, haplotip Thais za nov slovenski rod Rebecca in haplotipi M, C, Strana, Trompeta, Boka in Y za lipicanske rodove hrvaškega, romunskega ali madžarskega izvora. Visok delež haplotipov, značilnih za klasične rodove, je bil pričakovan, ker so v Sloveniji po letu 1947 želeli obnoviti lipicansko čredo predvsem s klasičnimi rodovi. Rezultati kažejo, da so bili trije klasični rodovi obnovljeni z lipicanci iz napačnih rodov; v teh rodovih imajo lipicanci slovenske reje namreč različne haplotipe kot lipicanci iz drugih evropskih držav. Več kot en haplotip smo našli znotraj štirih rodov, kar kaže na dodatne nepravilnosti v rodovnikih. Predlagamo, da se nepravilnosti odpravijo z uvedbo novih rodov in z manjšimi prerazporeditvami lipicancev med rodovi. Geografski izvor lipicanskih haplotipov ostaja večinoma neznan, toda haplotipa Allegra in Monteaura bi bila lahko španskega izvora, ker so taki haplotipi najbolj pogosti pri iberijskih (andaluzijskih in lusitano konjih) ter severno-afriških konjih (berberih). Kladrubski izvor haplotipov Batosta in Slavina, ki sta značilna za lipicanska rodova kladrubskega izvora Africa in Almerina, lahko potrdimo z odkritjem obeh haplotipov pri današnjih kladrubskih konjih; arabski izvor haplotipa Gaetana, ki je značilen ya lipicanski rod arabskega izvora Gidrane, pa z visoko pogostostjo haplotipa Gaetana v populaciji arabskih konj.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:konji, pasme, lipicanec, molekularna genetika, mitohondrijska DNK, haplotipi, rodovniki, izvor
Work type:Not categorized
Typology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Publisher:Biotehniška fakulteta
Year:2004
Number of pages:Str. 131-139
Numbering:Letn. 84, št. 2
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-61310 This link opens in a new window
UDC:636.1
ISSN on article:1581-9175
COBISS.SI-ID:1676680 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:10.07.2015
Views:1560
Downloads:303
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Acta agriculturae Slovenica
Shortened title:Acta agric. Slov.
Publisher:Biotehniška fakulteta
ISSN:1581-9175
COBISS.SI-ID:213840640 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Mitochondrial DNA haplotypes in Slovenian Lippzzan mare families
Abstract:
Sequencing of mitochondrial DNA from 53 Slovenian Lipizzans revealed 17 distinct mtDNA haplotzpes: ten haplotypes (Capriola, Allegra, Monteaura, Slavina, Batosta, Gratiosa, Wera, Betalka, Dubovina and Gaetana) were present in classical mare families, haplotype Thais in the new Slovenian mare family Rebecca and haplotypes C, M, Strana, Trompeta, Boka and Y in mare families of Croatian, Romanian or Hungarian origin. We expected large amount of "classical" haplotypes, because after 1947 the Lipizzan breed in Slovenia was re-established using mainly Lipizzans from classical mare families. However, Lipizzans from incorrect mare families were probably used for the recovery of three classical families and therefore in these three families Slovenian Lipizzans had different haplotypes than other European Lipizzans. Additional pedigree errors were detected in four families showing more than one haplotype. We suggested that pedigree errors should be corrected by introduction of several new mare families and by minor re-distributions of Lipizzans among mare families. Geographical origin of the Lipizzan haplotypes remains uncertain, but haplotypes Allegra and Monteaura could be of Spanish origin due to the highest frequency of these haplotypes in Iberian (Andalusian and Lusitano) and North African horses (Barbs). Kladrubian origin of haplotypes Batosta and Slavina, which are characteristic for Lipizzan mare families of Kladrubian origin, Africa and Almerina, could be supported by the presence of both haplotypes in the present Kladruber horses. The Arabic origin of haplotype Gaetana, which is characteristic for the Lipizzan mare family of Arabic origin, could be supported by the high frequency of the haplotype Gaetana in Arabian horses.

Keywords:horses, breeds, Lippizan horse, molecular genetics, mitochondrial DNA, kaplotypes, pedigree, origin

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