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Subchronic exposure of rats to sublethal dose of microcystin-YR induces DNA damage in multiple organs
ID Filipič, Metka (Avtor), ID Žegura, Bojana (Avtor), ID Sedmak, Bojan (Avtor), ID Horvat-Žnidaršič, Irena (Avtor), ID Milutinović Živin, Aleksandra (Avtor), ID Šuput, Dušan (Avtor)

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Izvleček
Background. Microcystins (MCs) are cyclic heptapeptides that are considered tobe liver specific toxins. They are potent tumour promoters and recent studies indicate that they are also genotoxic. In this study we measured DNA damage in lymphocytes, liver, kidney (cortex and medulla), lung, spleen and brain cells of male Fisher F344 rats that were exposed to sublethal dose (every second day 10 Ugžkg b.w.č i.p) of microeysrin-YR (MCYR) for one month. Methods. At the end of exposure the animals were sacrificed, the lymphocytes were isolated from blood taken from jugular vein, liver cells were obtained byperfusion with collagenase A and the cells from other organs were isolated by incubating small tissue pieces with eollagenase A. The DNA damage in isolated cells was measured with the single cells gel electrophoresis (SCGE) also called the comet assay. Results. A significant increase of the % tail DNAin MCYR-exposed animals compared to the nonexposed control ones was observed in brain (2.5 fold), liver (2.1 fold), kidney medulla (1.9 fold), kidney cortex (1.8 fold) and lung (1.7 fold) cells, while the DNA from lymphocytes and spleen cells was not affected. Conclusion. This study demonstrated that subehronic exposure to sublethal doses of MCs can induce systemicgenotoxicity in mammals, and it affects not only the liver but also other vital organs.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:DNA damage, comet assay, cyanobacteria, bacterial toxins, rats, inbred F344
Vrsta gradiva:Delo ni kategorizirano (r6)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2007
Založnik:Croatian Medical Association - Croatian Society of Radiology
Št. strani:Str. 15-22
Številčenje:Vol. 41, no. 1
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-59584 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
UDK:616
ISSN pri članku:1318-2099
COBISS.SI-ID:1724751 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Datum objave v RUL:10.07.2015
Število ogledov:1287
Število prenosov:340
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Radiology and oncology
Skrajšan naslov:Radiol. oncol.
Založnik:Slovenian Medical Society - Section of Radiology, Croatian Medical Association - Croatian Society of Radiology
ISSN:1318-2099
COBISS.SI-ID:32649472 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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